- Basic principles.
- Traditional theory.
- An example of acupuncture treatment.
- Efficiency and risks.
The term acupuncture comes from Latin acus which means ?needle? and pungere which means ?prick?.
In China, the practice of acupuncture can perhaps be traced as far back as the first millennium BC and archeological evidence has been identified during the period of the Han dynasty (from 202 BC to 220 AD).
However, this form of acupuncture was different from what it is nowadays because it was using stone, which was not used to pierce the skin, but rather to press on acupuncture points. The first acupuncture needles that have actually been found date back to 600 AD. These needles were made of bronze, copper, tin, gold, or silver. Recent examinations of Ötzi, a 5000-year-old mummy found in the Alps, have identified over fifty tattoos on his body, some of which are located on acupuncture points that would today be used to treat ailments Ötzi was suffering from.
[...] III Efficiency and risks For occidental medicine, acupuncture may be considered sometimes as a complementary therapy. Efficiency When performed by a properly trained and licensed practitioner, acupuncture is safe and effective, free from adverse or addictive side effects. Quite often, a sense of relaxation and well-being occurs during, and after treatments. When acupuncturist treats one ailment, other problems may be resolved concurrently. This is a common side benefit that again demonstrates the value of balancing the quality and quantity of "vital energy" within the entire person. [...]
[...] Acupuncture treats the human body as a whole, that involves several "systems of function" that are in some cases loosely associated with physical organs. Disease is understood as a loss of homeostasis among the several systems of function, and treatment of disease aims to modify the activity of one or more systems of function through the activity of needles, pressure, heat , etc. on sensitive parts of the body of small volume traditionally called "acupuncture points" in English, or "xue" cavities) in Chinese. [...]