Africa: information with the service of peace and war
- The invention of television or a succession of discoveries
- The discoveries that introduced the invention of television
- The birth of the term "television"
- From the mechanical television (1925-1931) to the electric television (1932-1945)
- Television in the footsteps of players like the radio
- The FCC and Congress: state control
- The networks: diffusion
- U.S. companies: financing
- Television and the American public
- Television proved to the Americans
- The placing of television sets on the market
The media can play two roles, it can either be the trigger that causes conflict or contribute to the resolution of conflict.
The media is a channel for information in every conflict and is often called a double edged sword. The verified facts that come from surveys, reports, supported by evidence or testimony is open to different interpretations.
Several issues require discussions that analyze their relationship with the people in a conflict zone. The media can be used to influence the thinking of the people who follow it. A magazine in Rwanda was used to organize a real anti-Tutsi propaganda.
In this paper we will be exploring questions such as: How flexible is the media's freedom of expression? Are they dependent on any authority ? How are they funded? What risks do they take to the sustain the newspaper? How safe are the journalists when they have to uncover certain information?
Despite their neutrality, the international media, most often, faces specific constraints that may affect their impartiality. One must ask what margin they have to maneuver and in particular how much access to information they have in a conflict zone. In the Niger the conflict areas are either closed to Western journalists or are under strict control.