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Fundamentalist Islamist terrorism and counter terrorism

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Fundamentalist Islamist terrorism being different from traditional Islamist movements.
  3. The idea of the Fundamentalists.
  4. The struggle in Afghanistan.
  5. The new strategy of counterterrorism: The concept of 'resilience'.
  6. The promotion of resilience by the authorities.
  7. Conclusion.
  8. Bibliography.

In the past few weeks, Mr Straw, leader of the House of Commons, argued that the niqab dress, a black long costume covering the whole of the body ? including the face ? and required by Muslim fundamentalists in Iran, is an unhelpful symbol of separateness. Since 09/11, there is a mutual radicalization between Muslims and Western governments. This radicalization highlights a mutual incomprehension. That's why, it is crucial to avoid dangerous combination concerning the Muslim world. On the one hand, I am going to define more precisely what the fundamentalist Islamist terrorism is. And, on the other, I want to talk about a particularly relevant study concerning the ?resilience? in response to terrorism. At the end of the 20th century, the world is faced a revival of religious fundamentalism, in particular Islamist religious fundamentalism. Official assessments reflect this too.

[...] The psychological effects of this possible threat are considerable on political leaders and population. A bomb attack, like in Madrid, causes important effects on the psychê a long time after the event. This is the true threat on the western societies in fact: the trauma. And the counterterrorist strategies are particularly inefficient in this case. Since only few years, the authorities take the capacity of a society to overcome a trauma into consideration. The concept of ?resilience? summarizes this new strategy. [...]

[...] A social ?resilience?: The capacity of a society to overcome the consequences of the terrorist attack and the capacity to retain its culture, its fundamental principles (freedom of speech, freedom of the press) and its economic capacity. In fact, the capacity to avoid a general psychosis. A political ?resilience?: the capacity of a society to avoid a crisis of legitimacy. For example, in Netherlands, Theo Van Gogh's murder was revealing of social tensions. In Spain, although the social ?resilience? was effective, the perception of a government lie caused an election reversal. [...]

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