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International journalism: Freedom of the press in China

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  1. The idea of the subject.
  2. Introduction.
  3. Condemnation of a scandalous situation: Some facts and examples to illustrate the current situation.
  4. Internet: A possible way for the opposition?
  5. The possible positive influence of the up-coming Olympic Games.
  6. Sources.

First, China as a growing power in the world is a country which fuels many observations and issues. And as a student in political science I need to learn more about the Asian miracle and obviously what the main obstacles remain in the Chinese race to modernity. Then, we had the opportunity, during the course of International Journalism, to listen to a presentation by a PhD student (in communication) from China, who seemed to have a very balanced opinion about the media in his home country. Finally, I've just watched a very good documentary directed by Anthony Thomas called ?The tank man? (2006), which deals with the media in China and the freedom of the press. The Banff World TV Festival rewarded that documentary in 2007. The Chinese government continues the privatization of the media and maintains its severe repression of the reform oriented journalists. The newspaper industry, placed for the first time in competition, risks criticism, but the Propaganda Department, from the official agency Xinhua, supervises and sanctions. With at least 27 journalists held in detention, China was, on January 1st 2005, the largest prison of the world for the professionals of information.

[...] And, with regard to freedom of movement on the Chinese territory, the American newspaper notes that "to go to Tibet, foreign journalists remain subjected to the same obligations as any tourist". ¶The culture of non-transparency is tough in China, as shows the training programme in English dedicated to the police officers to prepare them with the OG. handbook published by the Domestic Affairs Department to the police force of Beijing contains the simulation of a dialogue between a police officer and a journalist in the hypothetical case where this last would seek to be informed on the Falun gong sect", raises The Washington Post, which translates this extract. [...]


[...] The national and international protests took surely part in the release in 2004 of Liu Jingsheng, founder of the clandestine review Tansuo (Exploration), after twelve years of detention; as well as in that of the South Korean photographer Jae-hyun Seok, condemned to two years of prison to have covered the situation of the North-Korean refugees in China; and to the reduction of the punishment allocated to the journalist Wu Shishen condemned, in April 1993, to the life imprisonment ordered by the former president Jiang Zemin "to have illegally revealed secrets of State". [...]


[...] The new rule is intended to facilitate the work of the foreign journalists who want to cover in China "the Olympic Games and additional subjects", announced the decree. Foreign journalists' holders of an Olympic accreditation and a valid passport will be able to enter China without visa. To carry out interviews, they will need only the agreement of the person concerned, as put in the People's Daily. People's Daily brought back for its part the explanations given by the spokesman of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Liu Jianchao, at the time of a press conference. [...]

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