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Customs and Border Patrol for Homeland Security

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criminal law

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  1. Introduction
  2. Prohibition during the time period of 1921-1924
  3. Motor vehicles for the Border Patrol agency
  4. Increase in the amount of illegals
  5. Customs and Border Patrol is the Border Patrol Tactical Unit (BORTAC)
  6. The air operations unit as a valuable resource to Customs and Border Patrol
  7. Conclusion
  8. Works cited

The Customs and Border Patrol is an integral entity involved in protecting the United States from terrorist activity, illegal immigration, drug smuggling and human trafficking. The Border Patrol has been around officially for many years, starting with 450 agents in 1924 when the agency was officially established by the U.S. Government. There are many facets of the Border Patrol and many resource types are used by agents such as aircraft, boats, motor vehicles, ATVs, horses and agents on foot. The Border Patrol has many specialized sectors that concentrate on different situations.

The early days of the Border Patrol took place in and around El Paso, Texas at the beginning of the 20th century. The agents were known as mounted guards for their mode of transportation, the horse. There initially were about 75 mounted guards patrolling that area, searching for illegal crossers. There were no uniforms until 1928 and the mounted guards were required to supply their own horse and saddle. They rode for miles in the treacherous heat of the Texas border.

[...] Much of the Border Patrol was sent to focus on the Canadian border as a great deal of liquor and aliens were being smuggled, especially at the Detroit office. With the greater responsibility placed on the Border Patrol, training became an important issue. New Border Patrol agents would need to be educated on the job and the procedures involved. The first Border Patrol Academy was opened in 1934 at Camp Chigas in El Paso, Texas. There were 34 trainees at the first academy. [...]

[...] With the development of the Department of Homeland Security the Border Patrol transformed into Customs and Border Patrol. Agents are trained to watch for signs of possible terrorist activity, investigate and follow up with apprehension or other action. Anyone crossing the border is serious business to Border Patrol agents because of the lingering threat of further terrorist attacks. Customs and Border Patrol has a rigorous academy that all selected applicants must successfully complete. Border Patrol and Federal law enforcement subjects are thoroughly taught at the five month academy in Artesia, New Mexico. [...]

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