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Reliable distributed generation: Key issues, challenges and roles in the Indian energy sector

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  1. Introduction
  2. Distribution generation
  3. Advantages of distribution generation
  4. Renewable and distribution generation
  5. Issues that arise from distribution generation
  6. Relevance of distribution generation
  7. Policy context for distribution generation
  8. Conclusion
  9. References

In this paper the traditional approach in electric power generation is to have centralized plants distributing electricity through an extensive transmission & distribution network. Distributed generation (DG) provides electric power at a site closer to the customer, eliminating the unnecessary transmission and distribution costs and also discuss about issues that arise from the use of distribute generation, policy context for distributed generation in India. A fundamental shift is taking place in the way in which electricity is being produced and distributed. Traditionally, the ?proper' manner of production of electricity has been in large, centralized power stations from where it is distributed to load centers through equally massive transmission networks. Keywords: distributed generation, renewable sources, issues and policy related to distributed generation.

[...] An energy source that produces at the time of high demand (over a 24 hour period) has greater value to both the Utility and the Customer. Periods of peak load are the most expensive time because the Utility has to have that capacity available, yet that same capacity will remain idle during other parts of the day. Solar Energy is a good fit with daily load peaks where summer air conditioning is required and does not need to be "dispatchable" as it can pass surplus power back to the grid during the day, while drawing on the grid at night. [...]

[...] DG ADVANTAGES/ DISADVANTAGES OF Salient advantages of DG are: - Low gestation because major equipment can be factory made - Modular, which makes it possible to build up capacity in stages (true for many of the technologies) - Improvement in system reliability is possible - Empowering of users, who have better say in operation and other related matters -Lower costs since the costs of transmission lines are avoided - Cleaner, when based on non-conventional energy sources - Inflation proof, again when based on nonconventional energy sources or on a captive fuel - Load following capability can be built in by use of hybrids. [...]

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