American HRM model vs. European HRM model: Is the American model exportable to Europe?
- Definition of American HRM models.
- The hard and the calculative approaches.
- HRM strategy and corporate strategy.
- The issue of cultural gap or the cultural divergence.
- Disparities within Europe itself.
- The European uncertainity.
- The European collective approach.
- Chris Brewster's four main aspects.
- Michel Albert's view.
- The constrains of the European companies.
The success of the American firms and the rapid economic growth of the country seem to give significant emphasis on the US way of managing a business. Seen as part of management, the US strategic human resource management models are often considered to be the best practice and the key to success. However, US companies may experience difficulty while trying to settle abroad or foreign companies may face unexpected managerial difficulties when trying to implement the US models at home. Indeed Chris Brewster argues that the US human resource management (HRM) models are not exportable to Europe. In the first part we will explain why the US models can be difficult to export, what are the major differences between the organizational features and working habits in the US and in Europe; then we will try to find some evidence that in reality the US HRM model is exportable to Europe to some extent. As Chris Brewster argues, ?generalization is inevitable in any internationally comparative work?. This essay is trying to show the differences between Europe and America but one must remain aware of the differences between organizations, within sectors or within a region or a country (Brewster, C (1995) first quarter, Towards a ?European' model of human resource management, Journal of International Business Studies, pp1-21).
Tags: American HRM model, European HRM model,European HRM model vs. American HRM model, Rresentation on american HRM, HRM models in Europe and America
[...] Even if Europe seems to be heading towards a more market-driven economy increasingly oriented towards short-term profits and achievement, its uniqueness in terms of HRM is likely to remain; particularly if there is a political will from the European Union to maintain a European model as witnessed by creation of the European Social Charter. Resources -Adler, N.J., (2002) Do Cultural Differences Affect Organizations?' in International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior -Brewster, C. (1994) ?European HRM: reflection of, or challenge to, the American concept?' in Kirkbride, P. [...]
[...] This European vision is radically opposed to the American ?management's right to manage' where the manager considers his power as legitimate. Overall, companies in Europe are more heavily constrained than their US counterparts, which enjoy considerable organizational autonomy. In Europe, firms are constrained externally by the high degree of state intervention and internally by the significant role of trade union. The US models, primarily based on autonomy and individualism, are thus not easily exportable to such an unfamiliar and different environment. [...]
[...] The issue of cultural gap or at least cultural divergence is often raised when it comes to explain the inadequacy of the American HRM models in Europe. Each culture has been shaped by history; every country has a different history thus every people behave in a different way. Hofstede and Trompenaars have tried to measure the cultural influences on the management process using the responses of managers from sixty-six different countries (Holden L. (2001) ?International human resource management' in Beardwell, I., Holden, L. [...]