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Green or environmental logistics

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Supply chain and environmental issues.
  3. The EU programs.
  4. The three hypotheses.
  5. The implementation of green logistics.
  6. Implementing reverse logistics.
  7. Conclusion.
  8. Bibiliography.

For a number of years, environmental issues have been a growing concerns in society, particularly in the business practices. Under influences of lobby, customers or stakeholders, the idea of sustainable development and of ecological respect has become more popular. Thus, as many other activities within the firms, logistics was not an exception, and had to face these new challenges. This concept has been called ?green logistics? or ?environmental logistics?, suggesting that logistics should be more environmentally friendly. In this essay, we will try to discuss about the introduction of this concept and its integration within the firms. First, we will see that logistics is particularly concerned with the problems resulting from the environmental issues. Then, by looking at legislation and norms, we will see that ?green issues? are more and more imposed to the firms, and finally we will be able to discuss about the opportunities and implementation of ?green logistics?.

[...] With the emergence of the environmental issues, and of new legislation, some authors enunciated three hypotheses, to explain how enterprises will adapt and respond to this new imposition The study of these different scenarios can also give to us clues to explain why firms should be involved in these issues. In the first one, the issues are imposed to the firms, by legislation and government policies. In this situation, the environment is seen as a constraint and can be a big cost for the societies. [...]

[...] This point is important because it can be run by legislations or by image issues, to communicate good values to the market. Nevertheless, even if recycling (thanks to reverse logistics) is an element of sustainability, a lot of other domains of logistics are currently environmentally ineffective. Reverse logistics had success because firms found a way to gain profitability but the others solutions to improve ?greenness? of logistics have not been developed in the same way. For L Enarsson most environmentally friendly solution comes from the transportation, notably from an ?inter-organisational? effort. [...]

[...] Finally, L Enarsson resume this situation by saying that the logistics industry can see the environmental issues as a ?threat or an opportunity?. These threat or opportunities can come from the consumer or suppliers and from the institutions. Generally, the government action is composed of coercive laws, which compel targets and objectives to the firms. However, others type of incentives could be used, with reward given to environmentally friendly businesses. After the decision of implementation of a ?green logistics?, the firm must look carefully at all its activities, to find opportunities of improvement and environmental strategy. [...]

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