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Business Ethics - The Niger Delta

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  1. Factual predicates
  2. Ethical issues
  3. Ethical theories
  4. Ethical solutions

This report is going to talk about the case of the Niger Delta and its intrinsic oil exploitation as well as gas flaring, which cause damages to the local population and impacts the environment. Moreover, the Nigerian government mismanages its revenues in wasting the gas flared that could be an important financial resource for the country. This complex situation arose due to the presence of different actors who definitely lack ethics. Indeed, oil companies have huge financial interests in this region and the government is unable to find compromises between corruption and common interests. There is no doubt that several reasons impact the region and its ethical problems that are also linked to economic, political, social, and environmental issues.

[...] Firstly, the oil companies, which are present in the Niger Delta, overexploit and take advantage of enormous quantities of natural resources at low costs. We can't deny that making profits is their only goal. Thus, they totally ignore the moral side of their activities and the ethical issues linked to this, that they cause in the region. Companies such as Shell or Agip deny the locals their rights and do not respect their communicated ethics. This can be prejudicial for their image and legitimacy. [...]

[...] Moreover, they argue that they participate in the local economy by giving jobs to local people, assuming that their motive of giving employment to a few people is better than nothing and guarantees their rights to do business there. There are no doubts that the best solution is always in the consensus. Thus, stopping the oil exploitation in the Niger Delta is not necessarily the best alternative. Oil companies also bring numerous jobs to the region, and participate in the local economy, though the wages provided are very low. [...]

[...] The Niger Delta turns out to be one of the richest oil providers of the African continent. That is why, lots of famous oil companies extract oil there. However, the problem is that the gas, which emanates from the ground, is burnt though it could be beneficial to use it to produce energy. According to the World Bank in 2004, the estimation of Nigerian flaring was ?close to 2.5 billion cubic feet daily (over 70 million cubic metres daily), amounting to about 70 million tons of carbon dioxide?[9].According to the same source, this gas flaring represents a huge loss to Nigeria, reaching about US $ 2.5 billion annually. [...]

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