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Taylor and scientific management

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  1. Introduction.
    1. Background and career of Frederick Winslow Taylor.
    2. Situation and conditions leading to the development of the model.
  2. General context.
  3. Bond with Taylor's personal experience.
    1. First experiment.
    2. Second experiment.
    3. Third experiment.
  4. The mechanism, structure and workings of the theory.
  5. The expected outcomes of applying the approach.
    1. Taylor's thoughts.
    2. The results.
  6. Contemporary criticisms of the approach.
  7. Personal critical reflection on the model theory.
  8. Conclusion.
  9. Bibliography.

Even if Taylor's main researches date from the end of the XIXth century, these still exert an important influence on nowadays' industries, such as the car industry. Indeed, Taylor's works remain an important basis in the organizational structure of many fields of activities. Obviously, many points have been reviewed and bettered in order to adapt to the technological changes which marked the XXth and XXIth centuries. However these researches remain crucial to understand how the various organisational models evolved. Moreover, Taylor's theories inspired many ideas, namely Ford's. These are the reasons why we have chosen to deal with Taylor in this report, and to deepen our knowledge on this researcher. We shall first discuss his career and background to introduce him as a great engineer. Then we will throw light on the economical context in which he evolved and what inspired his ideas, and explain his organisational theory. After that, we will study the results related to the application of his researches. Finally, we will underline the main drawbacks of his theory, and give our personal point of view.

[...] Indeed, the USA entered war in 1917 and only then resorted to scientific management to quickly increase the production of weapons. To have a better insight on Taylor's works, light will now be thrown on the situation and conditions leading to the development of his theories. Situation and conditions leading to the development of the model Both the general context and Taylor's personal experience help us to understand the reasons why this engineer worked on industrial efficiency General context At the end of the XIXth century, workers lacked qualification and most of them were unskilled. [...]


[...] And further to show that the fundamental principles of scientific management are applicable to all kinds of human activities, from our simplest individual acts to the work of our great corporations, which call for the most elaborate cooperation. And, briefly, through a series of illustrations, to convince the reader that whenever these principles are correctly applied, results must follow which are truly astounding. Now, we will show the four principles which characterize the Taylor's system of management: Firstly, it belongs to the members of Management, to develop execution's techniques of each element of work, the workmen having only to improve the tools and the working conditions. [...]


[...] So, to put it in a nutshell, at the end of the XIXth century the general context did not encourage workers to work Bond with Taylor's personal experience Taylor was employed during several years as a worker in Midvale Stale and Co. Thanks to his excellent results, he was promoted as a foreman. Then his new responsibilities pushed him to increase his productivity more and more. After being promoted Taylor tried, as their leader, to convince his ex- colleagues to increase their productivity. [...]

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