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Team Effectiveness – How can it be achieved? An analysis of the team attributes that could contribute to team effectiveness

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ING Group Greece - Sidma SA - Telesis Securities

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  1. Abstract
  2. Introduction
  3. The definition of team
  4. Team attributes
  5. Basic attributes
  6. Advanced attributes
  7. Cognitive aspects of teams
  8. Conclusions
  9. References

Theory holds that working together brings better results than working alone. Team structures often account for organizational success in the contemporary corporate environment. Modern organizations favor team structures and teamwork viewing them as key elements for organizational success.
This paper identifies and explains the basic attributes of a team structure (common vision and mission, defined roles or functions, complementary skills, equal effort, synergy and equal responsibility), which along with the advanced attributes (team leadership, mutual performance monitoring, backup behavior, adaptability and team orientation) facilitate team effectiveness. The paper analyzes also the cognitive aspects involved in team structures identifying interpersonal conflict, open conflict, team diversity, and trust as the cognitive barriers that the organization should overcome in order to avoid as ineffective teamwork and/or failure of a team structure.
Keywords: effective teamwork, synergy, interpersonal conflict, adaptability, trust

[...] Team diversity is important in relation to team effectiveness considering that a team structure necessitates coordination of activities between the team members as to meet the team goals. Within this context, agreement-seeking is associated with team and organizational harmony and it is particularly effective when the team members have similar incentives and/or mutual interests to reach consensus. Team-based organizations need to determine not only the best individual for a certain assignment but, most importantly, the best mixture of individuals, who would form a team, based on their diverse characteristics. [...]

[...] Social psychology studies have acknowledged the Five? elements of teamwork, which contribute to team effectiveness regardless of the task a team has to perform (Kay, Maisonneuve, Yacef, & Reimann, 2006). Team Leadership: as already explained, in a team structure the team members communicate between them directly as well as with the team leader. In order to ensure team effectiveness, the team leader is expected to create synergy within the team, to understand the individual behaviors of team members, to direct and coordinate all team members' activities, to assess team performance, to assign tasks, to plan and organize, to motivate team members, and to establish a supportive climate. [...]

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