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A study on organizational change

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documents in English
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17 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. Meaning of change
  3. Forces for change
    1. External forces
    2. Internal forces
  4. Types of change
    1. Individual level change
    2. Group level change
    3. Organization level change
    4. Managing planned change
  5. Planning for change
  6. Assessing change forces
  7. Force field analysis
  8. Implementing change
  9. The change process: Three phase process
    1. Unfreezing
    2. Changing
    3. Refreezing
  10. Change options
    1. Structure
    2. Technology
    3. People
    4. Physical setting
  11. Human reaction to change
  12. Causes of resistance to change
    1. Individual resistance
    2. Group resistance
    3. Organization resistance
  13. Overcoming resistance to change
  14. Conclusion

Change is inevitable in the life of an organization. In today's business world, most of the organizations are facing a dynamic and changing business environment. They should either change or die, there is no third alternative. Organizations that learn and cope with change will thrive and flourish and others who fail to do so will be wiped out. The major forces which make the changes not only desirable but inevitable are technological, economic, political, social, legal, international and labor market environments. Recent surveys of some major organizations around the world have shown that all successful organizations are continuously interacting with the environment and making changes in the structural design or philosophy or policies or strategies as the need be.

According to BARNEY AND GRIFFIN, ?the primary reason cited for organizational problems is the failure by managers to properly anticipate or respond to forces for change.?

Thus in a dynamic society surrounding today's organizations, the issue is how managers cope with the inevitable barrage of changes that confront them daily in attempting to keep their organizations viable and current. Otherwise the organizations will find it difficult or impossible to survive.

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