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An analysis and study on stress management and its implementation

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  1. Introduction
  2. What is stress?
  3. Categories of stress
  4. Stress and its characteristics
    1. Stress is physical
    2. Stress is psychological
    3. Stressors
    4. Levels of stress
  5. Personal stress
    1. Causes of personal stress
  6. Organisational stress
  7. Short term stress
  8. Long term stress
  9. Managing stress
  10. Personality types
  11. Time management
  12. Presentation idea
  13. Organizational stress management
  14. Case studies
    1. Fortune 50 companies
    2. Personal products companies
    3. Federal agencies
    4. Reorganization stress of Fortune 100 companies
  15. The company stress test form
    1. Suggestions to employees
  16. Modern organizational stress management techniques
  17. Measures taken to improve the situation:
  18. Benefits
  19. Conclusion
  20. Bibliography
  21. Sources

Only recently has stress been seen as a contributory factor to the productivity and health costs of companies and countries. As studies of stress-related illnesses and deaths show, stress imposes a high cost on individual health and well-being as well as organizational productivity. There are books now, which review the sources and outcomes of job-related stress, the methods used to assess levels and consequences of occupational stress and strategies to confront stress and its associated problems.

Stress is a complex phenomenon. It has been defined in many ways, but simply put; it is the wear and tear of everyday life.

In everyday's life people are subjected to a wide range of pressures. Similarly there are also a wide range of resources and strategies for coping with pressure. Sometimes people cope well and will not feel that the pressure is having any adverse effect upon them. At other times they will have difficulty in dealing with the situation and that is when we may use the term "stress".

In reality, any situation that puts pressure is technically "stressful". Stress is not necessarily unpleasant or harmful. When people are able to cope satisfactorily with the stress and find it to be positive in its effect, they tend to use other words - such as "stimulation" or "challenge".

In this regard a simple but accurate definition of stress is:
"Stress occurs when the pressures upon us exceed our resources to cope with those pressures."
It follows, therefore, that we can attempt to tackle stress either by reducing the pressures or by increasing our coping resources - or, indeed, a combination of both strategies.

The problem is that different people find quite different situations and circumstances to be stressful. At the extremes, a situation which one person experiences as positive and stimulating will cause another person acute distress.

[...] Certain Statistics that support common belief about stress: Statistics from a recent global stress research study show that increased stress is felt worldwide, and stress affects women differently than men: A recent Roper Starch Worldwide survey of 30,000 people between the ages of 13 and 65 in 30 countries showed: Women who work full-time and have children under the age of 13 report the greatest stress worldwide Nearly one in four mothers who work full-time and have children under 13 feel stress almost every day Globally of women executives and professionals, and 19% of their male peers, say they feel "super-stressed" Stress & its Characteristics Stress is physical When the goalkeeper or the batsman or the tennis player experiences Eustress, there are changes in the physical system. [...]

[...] Stress Management Training (group or individual) o Through a range of easily applied, practical courses underpinned by widely accepted Stress Management theory, groups and individuals can increase their understanding of the causes of stress and through this, learn techniques for reducing and dealing with stress. As the Manager As the boss, one can ensure that subordinates are not put to undue stress and also that they are helped to get out of stress situations as quickly as possible. The steps are Recognize the stress levels Show concern Encourage talking Listen Empathize Explain and show how it can be done Reassure Provide support Discuss and involve them in decisions Show respect to the individuals Avoid insult, denunciation, abuse, reprimand, particularly in public Avoid manipulation, coercion, blaming Avoid pressurizing too much Provide social support All the above, render support and help to reduce anxieties. [...]

[...] ORGANISATIONAL STRESS There is a considerable cost to people, in both human and financial terms, in working in an unhealthy stressful environment. It is therefore in the interest of all leaders and managers to create healthy workplaces. What is commonly referred to as 'organizational stress' may be said to be caused by a dysfunctional culture. Where members of an organization share a negative view of that organization, they are not likely to be motivated to perform well. On the contrary, they may feel that work is not worthwhile and that there is little point in pursuing personal or organizational objectives or desires. [...]

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