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Investigation of the factors and forces that promote internationalization of firms - A case study of Wal-Mart stores Inc.

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case study
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  1. Introduction
    1. Dissertation rationale
    2. Aim of the study
    3. Objective of the study
    4. Research question
  2. Literature review
    1. Chapter overview
    2. The concept of internationalization
    3. Theories of internationalization
    4. Methods of internationalization
  3. Research methodology
    1. Introduction
    2. Research purpose
    3. Research design
    4. Research methods
    5. Research strategy
    6. Data collection
    7. Ethical issues
    8. Summary
  4. Data collection and analysis
    1. Chapter overview
    2. Data collection
    3. Findings and analysis
    4. Analysis of findings
    5. Benefits of internationalization
    6. Obstacles of internationalization
  5. Conclusion and recommendations
    1. Conclusion
    2. Recommendations

The world is more independent in recent time more than ever and changes occur constantly. Due to such changes, most of the organizations with the potential to grow tend to take their operations to foreign countries away from their home country through internalization. The level at which a firm internationalizes its operations may be different for every organization since different organizations apply different methods and strategies depending on the abilities and resource availability. The influence of organisations to internationalize their operations modern advancement in technology, liberalisation of trade, convergence of cultural believes accessibility to mass of people and good competitiveness ability. However, the reasons are not adequate for a firm to settle on its decision of internationalization as many more factors need consideration. Thus, the primary objective of this dissertation is to investigate the factors and forces that influence strategic integration of firms and the benefits of internationalization to firms. The paper will use Walmart case study through use of various theories, models and strategies to determine the factors that promote its internalization.

[...] International Product Life Cycle Model This model was built on the principle that the process of internationalization should have a predictable sequence that makes it incremental and systematic. According Wang and Gupta (2011), the form used by organizations to enter international markets is determined by the stage of life at which the traded product is. However, Martin and Sunley (2011) observed that there are set stages where the product must pass including introduction phase to the market, product growth and then maturity. [...]


[...] The organizations that try to internationalize must be able to handle currency fluctuations as well as the changes in policies and regulations set for international market operations. Among the other factors to consider before going international is the organizational structure that is used in the internal operations of the organization (Barac and Moner-Colonques 2016). It is important to put into consideration the role of government of foreign countries. This helps in assessing the political climate of the country as well as the availability of people to work for the organization (Venzin 2011). [...]


[...] Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/file.PostFileLoader.html?id=55eb95f16307d984de8 b4584&assetKey=AS%3A273846907670528%401442301598571 CUERVO?CAZURRA, A Extending theory by analyzing developing country multinational companies: Solving the Goldilocks debate. Global Strategy Journal, pp.153-167. doi: 10.1111 /j.2042- 5805.2012 .01039.x Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/ 10.1111 /j.2042- 5805.2012 .01039.x/abstract DEITSCH, A., and CZARNECKI, D Java internationalization. O'Reilly Media, Inc. http://shop.oreilly.com/product/9780596000196.do DENG, P The internationalization of Chinese firms: a critical review and future research. International Journal of Management Reviews, pp.408-427. doi: 10.1111 /j.1468- 2370.2011 .00323.x Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/ 10.1111 /j.1468- 2370.2011 .00323.x/abstract FILIPPAIOS, F., 2013.The impact of culture on corporate performance. [...]


[...] The methods that are currently used lead to reduce cost of production, production of high quality goods and improvement in the skills of the individual employees. There are also various sources of technology in the world that motivate organizations to move to the countries with great inventions so that they can also get a share of it. Countries also have the ability and willingness to invest in research and development so that they can adopt any new advancement in technology. [...]


[...] According to Wach and Wehrmann (2014), the differences in institutions within a country as well as the culture of the country are also important factors as they guide an organization through the ways in which it can operate in the new country. Advanced elements are what some countries term as created assets and are assets created by the country through the investment of its resources over an extended period. Such assets may be classified into two categories of tangible and intangible assets. [...]

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