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The 'Enterprise resource planning' (ERP)

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In recent years, there has been a total upheaval of the whole system. This upheaval is due in particular to alleviate the concern that the planning was calculated, for a time by hand. Very soon it therefore seemed interesting to use the computer calculations. Thus were born the first software that was soon installed in businesses to improve their management. But these are becoming more demanding. Indeed, companies tend to change their organization to optimize the basic relationship and the requirements of the projects it ran in parallel.

In addition, they face a major problem: the involvement of the problem at all levels of the company. To allow for faster implementation and lower cost packages have proposed various solutions Opening constituting the characteristics of a solution. The data are taken into account as well as all the constraints, it remains to tie it all together, operate together in the process of comprehensive organization: is integration.

Thus the editors of database systems become dominant in the information system of the company and we see emergence of a new support system management: enterprise resource planning (ERP) or ERP that are possible answers to a global need of the company and not to the functional specifications of business or individual. But the advent of ERP raises many questions. What is the best ERP? The ERP needs to adapt to the company or the reverse? ERP is really good for a business?

It should be understood, first of all, what is really an ERP and what is the current market for software today. Then in a second part, we will see what is the appropriate approach to introduce ERP in a company and what are the impacts of the introduction of an ERP in an organization.

A Brief History:
There is a significant change in business computing during his 30 years. The management information system is the set of techniques and methods to control and make best use of information flows that pass through the company (P. Roccia). Contrary to the early 60-70, IT management becomes modular and scalable, today; this evolution of computers is mainly due to technological change in areas as diverse as electronics and telecommunications. There are other reasons for this includes changes in mentality. Several periods can be distinguished

The 60-70 years:
In 60-70 years the management information is considered only a calculator. The innovations in equipment, software and human resources are very high. Only large companies are equipped with tools. Users do not have direct access to the machine; because the data collected they are then captured by the operators.

The 80 years:
The machines are evolving rapidly and begin to address the needs of the company. The computer has an ever more important in the business with the creation of a department or division within it. There is a "new" computer in the service of corporate strategy, including the evolving relationship between IT and users.

Tags: ERP in an organization, faster implementation and lower cost packages, corporate strategy

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