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The implementation of information technology towards agricultural development: New initiatives and strategies

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  1. Introduction
  2. Present status of technology transfer in agricultural sector
  3. Information Technology in agricultural sector
    1. Expert systems
    2. E-mail
    3. Electronic journals
  4. Rural Problems in using Information Technology
  5. Strategies for effective electronic connectivity
  6. Bibliography
  7. Conclusion

After the initiation of liberalization reforms of 1990's, rise of new economy stocks or sunshine sector in the Indian economy great changes had taken place throughout the nation. The entry of corporate in areas of public sector dominance, competition between private players, access to newer technologies and communication devices empowered by new legislation's had seen the rise of ?Information revolution? in India. Information has become a resource and the quick transfer of information at greater speeds with precision in meeting the targeted audience are initiating great changes in all walks of Indian life. India is becoming an information hub of the world and it is usage in all core sectors is bringing about good dividends in the form of improved production and productivity gains, value adding with development of human resource in all sectors. Today India has surplus food grain and cereal stocks lying ideal in Food Corporation of India go downs by this increased production and productivity process.

[...] So for sustainable development of farm population improving the information and communication technology access [ICT] to farms holds the key for human resource development scenario in the country [Senthil kumar, 2003]. Present Status of Technology Transfer in Agricultural Sector The history of transferring farm technologies in agricultural sector shows that it is a great success and a harbinger of green revolution of earlier 1960s. This task has early 1950's from 51 million tones to over 200 million tones in 2000, while the Indian population nearly tripled from 350 million to one billion during the same period. [...]

[...] The electronic journals are also published in regional languages and farmers can gain access to it paying up nominal fee utilize free of cost facility to gain access to new farm information. Geographical Information System Geographical Information System [GIS] is computer assisted method and procedure for the capture, storage and analysis of data having localized information on geographical form. GIS has been used in developed countries with strongest practical application. Data are inputted in the system form different sources by overlaying of maps and retrieved on the basis of user needs. [...]

[...] Conclusion Information Technology needs to be seen not only as a technology processes but also as a reform to raise the standard of living of Indian population. All strata of the Indian population particularly the rural population, farmers need to be included in this process as future fears may witness divide in terms of ?people with information? and ?people without information?. With information becoming a resource for growth, development and sustainable prosperity the future years must have India witnessing electronic connectivity in rural areas. [...]

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