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China as an innovator, not just an imitator

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  1. China owns many advantages that could make it a competitive technology innovator
    1. International and internal legislation
    2. The increase of patents granted
  2. But these advantages must be completed with profound reforms
    1. Strengthen the human resource
    2. Strengthen the IPR

A large number of patents are granted to China in various fields (green energy, space program, 3G mobiles?) underlining the fact that the country that invented paper, gunpowder and the compass many years ago is making a come-back among the international technology inventors. China has many advantages that help it to develop its innovative capacities in the domains of its natural resources. Among these are its high population density and its rapid urbanization. Moreover, China has adopted several international and internal laws that protect Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and encourage people to complete research and apply for patents. Given these advantages, one would think it was easy for China to make such great technological progress. However, it is necessary to bear in mind that China still needs important reforms to become the innovator it dreams to be. These reforms must be in IPR, its educational system. However, Chinese judicial courts still lack effectiveness and actually, almost half of the patents granted are foreign patents.

[...] By living abroad, students discover another way of studying (without memorization) and of life, in which the individual is considered as an individual, and not as a member of a group as in Confucian's ideology. They have abroad more incentives to innovate, incentives which are lacking in China. Their returns could also offset the Chinese lack of experience in patent applications, which was restraining China's ambition of becoming a country of innovations; between 1998 and of Chinese firms didn't apply for a single patent. [...]


[...] Bibliography Books - Michael Keane, Created in China, the great new leap forward, Routledge Taylor and Francis Group - Barry Naughton, The Chinese Economy Transitions and Growth, Chapter 15: Technological policy and the knowledge based Economy, MIT Press Articles - Anil K. Gupta and Haiyan Wang, ?China as an innovator, not just an imitator Business Week, March 2009: http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/mar2009/gb2009039_914844. htm (May10, 2009) - Claude Imbert (Editorial), ?Chine-Afrique : noces d'or?, Le Point April 2009). - ?Violation de la propriété intellectuelle : les USA épinglent la Chine?, Dépêche AFP (Mai 2007) : http://www.aujourdhuilachine.com/informations-chine-violation-de-la- propriete-intellectuelle-les-usa-epinglent-la-chine-3002.asp?1=1 (May 10, 2009). - ?Washington dépose deux plaintes à l'OMC contre la Chine?, Dépêche AFP [...]

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