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Economic globalization: the return of territory in the economic area

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  1. Abstract
  2. The geographical area in the post-Fordist economy: the relationship of the economic territory
  3. The advent of post-Fordism in the context of globalization
  4. The concentration of productive activities
  5. The networking of production spaces
  6. New production spaces: the territories of the economy of archipelago
  7. The areas of innovation: industrial districts, clusters and local productive systems

The return of the territory is highlighted by some economists who highlight certain areas of the economic structure today (metropolitan cities). The major economic centers are organized around specific areas: the new spatialization of economic polarization is the ?activities around major cities' (from the 80s). We realize that this new phenomenon is related to a new production system called ?post-fordist', which has its own logic. It delivers up to date the concept of territory; the economy is not organized in the same way in a Fordist Economy as in a post-Fordist Economy. The globalizing economy is as illustrated by the activity of MNCs. The geographical area in the post-Fordist economy: relationship in the economic territory. The Fordist system and its territorial dimensions: Fordism is the rationalization of labor of the partialisation tasks (separation between design and execution). The system is partly a socioeconomic reference. Under this drive, several industrial areas are being reinforced: it is the emergence of big industrial complexes, which are a concentration of related sectors within the same region and using a portion of their respective productions. Businesses benefit from positive externalities as a vast pool of manpower. We realize that this process of spatial polarization is already taking place and we will try to explain this phenomenon in several stages.

[...] New production spaces: the territories of the economy of archipelagos Economic globalization is accompanied by new forms of territorialism that emphasizes the proximity of economic factors. The reason for this success is because of innovators. The global cities and towns: They have a key role in the economy. They are at the heart of the strategic system and almost monopolize the financial and technological aspects. They channel a very large share of the wealth. Sassen, an economist, published early global cities'. [...]

[...] Rostow sought to explain the process of economic development. The first step was a traditional rural society. Then comes the stage of proto-industrialization allowed by agricultural surpluses. Then comes the start of industrial licensing by the release of a minimum level of investment. The fourth stage is the growing importance of investment and general industrial structures with a logical expansion. Finally, it is the advent of mass society. The ?Thirty Glorious Years' is the symbol of evolution within a Fordist model. [...]

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