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Fair trade in Europe: overview and perspectives

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  1. The concept Fair Trade in Europe.
    1. Definition of the concept according its actors.
    2. Principles and objectives of this movement.
    3. Fair Trade organisations and related groups.
    4. Presentation and function of the international organisations.
    5. Overview of Fair Trade situation in Europe.
  2. Comparative analysis methodology.
    1. Definition and process.
    2. Personal thinking about interviews.
    3. Statistics.
  3. Comparative analysis between France and Hungary.
    1. History of Fair Trade.
    2. Presentation and function of the Fair Trade organisations.
    3. Interest of the customers.
    4. Impacts of the Fair Trade Policy.
    5. Fair Trade networking.
    6. Future challenges (SWOT analysis).
  4. Conclusion.

Fair trade is a movement born after the Globalization. It's a consequence of the growth of exchanges. To develop their economy, countries have been forced to trade with their neighbors and the territories around them, etc?Finally countries have abolished their barriers and established partnerships and preferential tariffs. Globalization improved the flows of goods, humans and capital among different countries in the world. Developed countries became richer and richer due to the abuses done on the third world. The situation was ideal for Northern countries. The biggest industries were satisfied to find low prices for their raw materials and cheap working labor force to assure their production. The Globalization was considered as a game where it was easy to earn a lot of money with as unique rule: the law of the strongest?Fair Trade appeared in 50s because people, from developed countries, were more conscious about their surroundings. EU institutions have written lots of things about Fair Trade. They have brought definitions from Fair Trade organizations and made a Fair Trade policy to answer to pressures. Lots of conferences have been organized and several texts have been published. They have accepted to give an office to FINE. Nevertheless speeches, motions and official texts don't replace concrete actions. The implication of the European institutions in Fair Trade movement hasn't been tangible yet. I would like to analyze the effects of EU institutions on the French Fair Trade because France it's an old and essential member of the European Union. On another hand, I would like to analyze the Fair Trade situation in Hungary because it's a new entrant. It could be interesting to see what EU has done concerning this question and what they are going to do for implementing Fair Trade movement in Hungary. Pre-accession funds Is there any link between those funds and the Fair Trade movement? I am thinking about a pessimistic conclusion because countries among Europe can't be only supported by EU institutions. They have to play with networking.

[...] The population and government are implied in the Fair Trade issues and the associations have a certain power on the authorities. Hungary is still a developing country where the presence of the industry and state are important. The population has a middle purchasing power. Concerning Fair Trade, government are less implied and associations have a small influence on politics. To come back to our main subject, the behaviour of the consumer in France, there is strong interest for the Southern furniture. [...]

[...] I will figure out it and give perspectives of the Fair Trade movement in such entity. My second part will describe the method applied for this thesis which includes the definition and process, my personal thinking about interviews and statistics issued from them. The third part will be the results of a comparison done between the French and Hungarian Fair Trade situation. The concept Fair Trade in Europe a. Definition of the concept according to its actors With the Globalization, the quantity of exchanges increased around the world. [...]

[...] The association Max Havelaar and the Fair Trade label was born in the Netherlands in 1988. Nowadays, there are more than 20 organisations such as Max Havelaar in 21 countries around the world (all of them are members of Fairtrade Labelling Organisations International). Max Havelaar France was created in 1993 thanks to three associations: Peuples Solidaires[28], Ingénieurs sans frontières[29] and Centre International de cooperation pour le développement agricole (CICDA)[30]. It has a function of intermediary between producers and Northern companies. [...]

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