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Is the Lisbon strategy an unattainable project?

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  1. Introduction.
  2. An ambitious project.
    1. The motivations and objectives of the Lisbon strategy.
    2. A changing economic context.
  3. A half-hearted assessment.
    1. Progress have been accomplished.
    2. Deficit of implementation.
  4. Perspectives.
    1. The mid-term review: A more focused strategy.
    2. Recommended actions.
  5. Conclusion.
  6. Bibliography.

In March 2000, the European Union Heads of States and Governments met at the European council of Lisbon. This statement was the basis to what is called the ?Lisbon strategy? or ?Lisbon process/agenda?, a politic but mostly economic development plan for the members States of the European Union. Nowadays, this ambitious goal has certainly lost the shining enthusiasm that it had provided at first. In the years that have followed the Lisbon council of 2000, the economic context evolved in an unfavorable way, the too precise and too numerous objectives have quickly seem to be almost completely out of reach and the agenda seemed more than overwhelmed. The Lisbon strategy was going into so deep water at its half-point review that the spring European Council of March 2005 had to give the process a second impulse by renewing and refocusing the agenda. This article will try to answer the following ?everlasting? question: Is the Lisbon strategy an unattainable project?

[...] This second front of competition was not predicted when the Lisbon strategy was elaborated A half-hearted assessment Five years after the presentation of the Lisbon strategy, the European economic growth is the weakest of the entire Western world[8]. In June 2005, the British Prime Minister Tony Blair addressed a speech to the European Parliament in which he said: ?what type of social model is it that has 20 millions unemployed in Europe, productivity rates falling behind those of the USA; that is allowing more science graduates to be produced by India than by Europe; and that, on any relative index of a modern economy - skills, research and development, patents, information technology, is going down not With this said, it is obvious that the Union was not achieving or aiming to achieve the objectives of the Lisbon process. [...]


[...] From 2001 to 2003, the rate indicates an increase from to The 2010 objective set at is probably one of the most ?unreachable? one at this pace. By reading those rates and percentages, we are able to observe that progress has been made and will certainly continue to be made. The realistic perspective of not attaining the 2010 objectives leads to the general misconception of a lack of success thus far and a lack of progression for the future. When we look deeper in the numbers and percentages, we observe that the Scandinavian countries are having fewer difficulties to reach the Lisbon objectives. [...]


[...] EUROPA.EU, [Online], ?Facing the Challenge, the Lisbon strategy for growth and employment?, [Online], http://ec.europa.eu/growthandjobs/pdf/kok_report_en.pdf, November 2004. NUMBER-10.CO.UK, [Online], http://www.number-10.gov.uk/output/Page7714.asp. EURACTIV.COM, [online], http://www.euractiv.com/en/agenda2004/lisbon- agenda/article-117510, page consulted on the 8th of May 2007. Olivier BAILLY, stratégie de Lisbonne, ou les enjeux de la réforme?, in Revue du marché commun et de l'Union européenne, n 480, July- August 2004, p Stefan COLLIGNON, ?Nouvelle Stratégie de Lisbonne, pacte de stabilité et de croissance et démocratie européenne?, in Banquet, Paris, September 2005, p Horst REICHENBACH, ?Permettre à l'Europe de renouer avec la croissance et l'emploi : présentation de la stratégie de Lisbonne / perspectives futures sur la base des propositions de la Commission?, in Petites affiches, Paris, n 251, December 19th 2005, p Olivier BAILLY, op. [...]

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