Africa: A continent in reserve of development
- History of the French army
- Organization and composition of the French army
- The Army
- The Air Force
- The National Gendarmerie
- The news of the French army
Africa is a continent with 53 countries representing 800 million inhabitants over an area equivalent to that of Europe. Thanks to its favorable characteristics, the birthplace of human civilization should hold a central place in the world order. But one knows that America remains a modest economic entity. To understand this situation it is necessary to study the African past, including its colonial past and its impact on society today. This will be the starting point and then the recurring problems of the region after the colonial designs can be analyzed. A lot of space in the third world has often been coveted by the dominant powers, its role is secondary but crucial at certain times, and has evolved over the centuries. To finally play a dominant role, Africa should use its potential based on its diversity, overcoming many obstacles and maintaining a long-term development. To what extent can Africa, a continent of the subject of development, exploit its potential?
This document will first show that, despite popular belief, Africa has many riches, resources that should be strengths in the context of globalization. Later it will show that Africa is facing a multitude of barriers, both endogenous and exogenous that prevent it from developing. Finally I t will study the different options to allow Africa to occupy the place it deserves in the world economic order.
Agriculture is the dominant sector in most African economies. The African continent seems to be a place conducive to the operation of many cultures.
However agriculture (2 / 3 of the workforce) resents the transition to the more intensive. But the various problems do not seem to interfere with the important production that sustains the majority of people. African agriculture remains traditional , it uses few inputs (labor, raw materials ) and lots of space. In fact agriculture is the main source of surplus, but also by the interplay of price differentials between producer and export prices.
Countries without mineral and oil reserves have a development based on export agriculture. Major agricultural exporting countries are Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, Cameroon. However one can say that Africa has a very low diversification of exports as they are mainly composed of primary products: cash crops(cocoa, coffee, cotton, etc.) The development of export crops to food crops instead favors better management and fertilizer etc.
The crop or cash crop, is common to the whole continent and occupies almost half of the cultivated land. Coffee, cotton, cocoa, groundnuts and palm oil are destined for export. Africa provides more than half of world demand for coffee, cocoa, groundnuts, sisal, cloves. Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Ghana and Nigeria are major exporters of hardwoods, but often uncontrolled exploitation exacerbates deforestation. In the interior, along with fishing, fish farming has been practiced for half a century.
A crucial issue concerns making African agriculture more productive and less destructive at the same time . Agriculture in much of Africa, will quickly become more productive in order to halve the number of people who will suffer from hunger by 2015. Africa's land can not feed a growing population if there is migration and technological progress alone.
Tags: Africa; agriculture sector; rich natural resources; Africa a continent in need of overall development.