Agriculture in the United States
Agriculture is one of the major industries of the U.S. As per the census of 2007, the U.S had 2.1 million farms that covered an area of 922 million acres. America has been regarded as the ?pantry of the world? for a long time now. The country is the net exporter of many agricultural products, and the agricultural produce is expected to triple by 2040.
The United States ranks first in the production of many agricultural products. In 2002, the U.S produced 40% of the world's corn, 43.6% of the world's soya, 15.1% of the world's citrus fruits, 9.7% of the world's corn, and 8.4% of the world's wine. The U.S not only excels in producing agricultural products, but also excels in exporting them. America also controls about 80% of world's corn exports, and 2/3 of the world's soya bean export. Though rice is not one of the major crops produced by the U.S, it still controls a quarter of the world trade, and competes with countries like Thailand. The U.S generates about 60 billion dollars from exports. This, in itself, is enough to show the power of the sector.
The U.S also exports products to many nations worldwide, with the ten largest customers being: Japan, the European Union, Canada, Mexico, South Korea, China, Hong-Kong, Russia and Philippines. It is estimated that America could feed 4 billion people, if they unleashed their production capacity completely. The U.S has taken several steps to maintain its supremacy in the agricultural market. The establishment of the USDA (the United States Department of Agriculture), in 1862, was to ensure the development of agriculture. Today, this department has 100,000 officers, who have been assigned to overlook various tasks such as management of water, pipeline exports etc. The next agenda of the U.S, on the path of agricultural progress, seems to be the research on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Out of the 58.7 million hectares dedicated to this task by the nations of the world, 39 million hectares were contributed by the U.S in 2002.
The U.S. domestic market boosts raw power production by providing an excellent outlet: 3 / 4 of U.S. production are passed. Instead of the second world agricultural imports is a great visa that exonerates the United States in the capture of foreign markets: the second largest importer after the European Union, the United States set standards and modes for food (cereals, fast food, sweeteners etc., Ritzer described it as an extreme rationalization of the consumption process with efficiency, calculability, quantity, consistency). This market is, with care, supported by the programs of the UDSA with 2 / 3 of the budget that goes to food aid to the poor (interior and exterior).
Since the New Deal, free food stamps, boosted by Kennedy, renovated by Carter to receive 13% of the U.S. population with a budget of 26 billion dollars. Cultivation techniques are also American school: the first agro mobiles and combine harvesters are American (1832) and International Harvester, McCormick, John Deere, (l RM) mark the technical performance of U.S. agriculture. The country has an environment with a quite favorable climate, even if U.S. agriculture is facing its European rival with excess (cold waves, dust bowl, floods). Relative macroeconomic stability and efficiency of transport complete the success.
Tags: Agriculture in America; technical performance in agriculture sector; cultivation techniques