China and poverty
- Presentation of PPR and Puma
- Presentation of the operation
- Decision and Executive Summary
In this mini project, we deal with poverty in China, both rural and urban. Poverty is still relevant in China despite a rapid decline made possible in recent decades by the growth and development of appropriate policies. The poverty gap is relatively strong in China. In fact, 10% of the urban population has the richest 45% of assets in the country, while 10% of the poorest have only 1.4%. In addition, 20% of the poorest have to share 4.7% of the country's wealth.
Indeed, the gap in income levels between cities and the countryside could be the highest in the world. In absolute terms (about 30 million people), poverty remains high and is concentrated in areas that appear to be excluded from the economic boom brought about by economic reforms. Rural and remote areas are populated by minorities.
Beside the rural areas, we are now witnessing the birth of a new poverty, in the urban areas. Indeed, rural poverty has led to a flight of population to urban areas. This exodus of rural poor to cities has created an overabundance of labor, creating in turn, a lack of employment in the urban areas. This, thus, contributes to poverty.
Initially, we see the factors of rural poverty and the reforms implemented to decrease them. In the second step, we discuss the causes of urban poverty and the means implemented to reduce it. In China, poverty has always been the case mainly in the countryside. This is mainly due to collective institutions such as collective farms, state enterprises, low income or the employment system.
The poverty of Chinese farmers has different factors, initially it is due to the collectivization of land, this system caused a considerable impoverishment of rural populations, and they are no longer owners, all profits benefiting the state, preventing the peasant farm worker, to get rich, or at least maintain it at a decent standard of living.
Tags: China; poverty; growth and development in China