Cities and water in Southeast Asia
- The operations of annihilation: Actions tailored to the strategic problems of the revolutionary war
- Problems and specific features of the Red Army
- The dualism of operations of annihilation:The weakening of the enemy combined to strengthen the Red Army
- The refusal of passivity: necessary condition for the implementation of the actions of annihilation
- The role of the population for the military offensive
- The number and mobility for the success of the offensive
South-East Asia, located roughly between the Tropic of Cancer and 15 degrees south latitude, is an area where the climate is tropical equatorial, and requires plenty of water, especially since it serves a territory consisting of a myriad of islands and peninsulas, with interlocking land and seas, and indeed all countries that compose it, with the exception of Laos, have a maritime border.
The water is thus ubiquitous in all its forms. The presence of the sea provides further unity to the region, facilitating contacts between the different islands and countries. It enables the dissemination of ideas and techniques which led to the creation of cities as we know them today. Similarly, the length of the urban cities and huge homes, often newer than we know at present in this region of the globe, are closely related to water, which during history, has dictated a number of ways to locate and organize it.
Indeed, while some are scheduled according to Indian mythology, according to which the principle of creation come from the holy river that flows from the hair of Siva to irrigate and nourish the land of men, still others are based on the principles of Feng Shui which is of a good urban site, that can capture and extract water.
Southeast Asian cities are therefore generally not very distant from water since it is very abundant. The men of these countries have had no trouble finding points of water to settle nearby. While the water and the city are therefore intrinsically linked, and interfere with one another, the location of cities depends largely on the choices of men and how they want to use water.
To understand the interrelationships between water and the city in Southeast Asia and whether the abundance of either promotes or hinders the growth of the other, we first analyze how the presence of water causes the birth and growth of cities and how cities grow and take shape around the water that surrounds them. We finally see that while water helps the development of cities, it is also a source of problems.
The reasons why men choose a priori a site not far from water or water to settle and build their cities are many. The water near the city may have different functions.
First, as a river, it appears as a good defensive rampart against the invaders, and promotes the building of great military sites. This is for example the case of Bangkok, situated in a bend of the tip of Chao Phraya, which allowed him then using the river as a barrier to isolate and protect themselves against the invading Burmese.
On the other hand, water plays an important role in nurturing necessary for the establishment of a city in that it allows fishing and agriculture. In addition river water plays a different role, not least in agriculture since the floods of the rivers used to fertilize the soil by depositing silt.
But we must understand that this is possible only if man chooses to develop and maintain its space, for example by creating an efficient irrigation system, building dikes to protect crops from a hand, and the city on the other, or by creating a space not always favorable to agriculture (mountains).
Agriculture is much more efficient in agricultural areas located near cities as the urban market stimulates the production and therefore stimulates men to control the irrigation water. Finally, the water in the form of river or sea passage serves as a taxiway and allows men to not stay locked, practicing a trade more or less large scale.
Tags: South East Asia; cities; water; South East Asian weather