Conclusion on the report of the 'Program of the United Nations for Development' (UNDP), 2004, on human development
- The attractiveness of the WTO remains strong
- The dispute settlement body works
- The malfunctioning of the WTO announced the end model?
- The Doha round of negotiations
- Institutional weaknesses
- The WTO does not have the means to ensure effective regulation of trade
Created in 1965, the United Nations Development is the main body of UN technical assistance. As a network of UN development, it helps developing countries to formulate their own development strategies. It brings together the public and the private sector, policy advice and program resources.
An originator of the concept of 'human development', it publishes an annual global report on human development, which ranks countries by including the Human Development Index (HDI) and makes policy proposals which are often controversial.
The report issued in 2004 deals with 'Cultural Liberty in Today's Diverse World'. This report attempts to propose ways to 'manage and alleviate conflicts in the best way through language, religion, culture and ethnicity' and shows how the cultural expression of individuals is an important development.
What then is the role or impact of a cultural policy on human development of a country? How does the UNDP report show awareness of the North/South fracture? Finally, how can one build an ethic of North/South cooperation in a context of great imbalance and stages of development? This report will first show what the conclusions of the UNDP's Human Development Report 2004 are, and to what extent they are included in the dynamics of the North/South.
Cultural policies of a state are also considerably on the state of domestic and foreign policy. The UNDP report gives many examples from the languages spoken in Afghanistan, which the new Constitution should recognize as the official languages of the state - and how many?
The Bolivian president resigns as a result of rising protests of indigenous peoples? In Burundi and Rwanda, at various times, the Tutsis and Hutus were each excluded from economic opportunities and political participation. Cultural identity does have a role in these conflicts, not as a cause, but as a force for political mobilization.
If not managed or if it is poorly managed, these struggles over cultural identity can quickly become one of the greatest sources of instability within states and between them - and thereby triggering a conflict that will only regress development .
The report includes an idealistic vision with respect to the proposals made to promote cultural diversity. Some of these proposals are certainly attractive but unrealistic.
Tags: conclusions of the United Nations for Development' (UNDP), 2004 report; human development through cultural identity;