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Global cities in crisis: Mumbai and the housing crisis

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  1. Introduction
  2. Mumbai: Not a global city
  3. The housing crisis in Mumbai
  4. The housing problem in India
  5. The slums in Mumbai
  6. Conclusion
  7. Bibliography

When it comes to examining global city regions, it is clear that elites within the city have to deal with two processes at the same time: globalization and continuing devolution of the state. These are trends that create opportunities and challenges. Global cities are complicated because they do not function as a unitary actor, instead different groups are simultaneously trying to gain control over the development process. Mumbai, India is a great example of a global city. While it is debatable whether Mumbai would be a global city according to Saskia Sassen (2002), it is a city that does exhibit a high level of global relevance. It is a city that has recently (last two decades) experienced mass urbanization; it is a regional hub, while also having to cope with vast social inequalities. Mumbai is also a city that has undergone political decentralization over recent years. This means that ?flows of capital, content, and people often are attracted and processed by city regions rather than by states. States are ever less able to fulfill their traditional interventionist, regulatory, and redistributional functions.? (Segbers, 2007:13). The power of the state in Mumbai has gradually eroded over the years.

[...] Economic and Political Weekly, Vol No Aug. 23-29. Patel, S. (1996). Slum Rehabilitation in Mumbai: Possible If Done Differently. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol No May 4. Patel, S. (2007). Mumbai: The Mega-City of a Poor Country. In Amen, M., Archer, K., & Bosman, M. (eds.). Relocation Global Cities From the Center to the Margins. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. Robinson, J. (2002). ?Global and World Cities: A View from off the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. [...]


[...] Throughout the last few decades, as growing numbers of people have emerged on the city, the crisis of housing has increased, as more and more are living in slums, without proper food, sanitation or an overall standard of living. It is a problem that is creating a growing divide within the city; the classes are being increasingly polarized. There has not been the political will to remedy the situation either, as the affluent have not had their taxes raised to subsidize the problem. [...]

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