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Working conditions in India

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  1. Logistics at H&M: An essential service
    1. Logistics in the textile world
    2. Logistics and distribution H&M
    3. Purchase and production
  2. The characteristics of the logistics of H&M: the sales through supply chain
    1. The sell-through
    2. Definition of supply chain
    3. Logistics in the "supply chain"

This document is a summary of the information collected on behalf of the Committee on Social Affairs, following a mission conducted from 15 to 25 March 2007 by a delegation, to study the working conditions and employment in India. In the current climate of international awareness on social issues, especially labor rights, a French inquiry was conducted with respect to a study mission to India from 15 to 25 March 2007 in order to understand the working conditions in these countries and to analyze the relocation. The main problem in India is the potentiality of human labor, because if such rights exist, they are applied only in a minor proportion of cases.

Above all, these rights only affect a small share of workers. Only some employees in public enterprises and employees of some large companies may think of the applicability of these rights. Indeed, there exists a distinction between the ?organized" and "unorganized" sector in the industry. Labor rights are applicable only to "organized" workers, which is only 7% of workers (40% of the workforce).

12 million people are protected by such rights and 166 million are unprotected workers and 252 million are unemployed. Moreover, these figures have steadily declined since the 1980s. In six years, the number of public sector fell by 1.7 million. Another reason for this insecurity is the low number of employees with 14% decrease in the proportion of persons entitled to such rights.

Employment rates are not the only cause of this lack of security. Castes, although officially abolished, concern 80% of the population and many prohibit not only access to labor rights, but also the work itself. Thus the untouchables cannot access in small amounts for small jobs. if the workers are protected by "common laws" that India is a former British colony, there are also constitutional and statutory laws, certainly many, protective and extremely important to them, which may be contradictory and especially applied only under certain conditions (primary, secondary, tertiary, or only in certain activities).

Tags: Committee on Social Affairs, working conditions, social issues, human labor, ?organized" sector, Labor rights, employment rates, common laws

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