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Assess the role played by the Aoman Army in the local government of provinces and communities in the roman empire

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  1. Introduction.
  2. A permanent army for the security of the Empire.
  3. The maintenance of law and order.
  4. An economic role.
  5. Culture and the spirituality.
  6. Political organization in provinces.
  7. Links between the sovereign and the army.
  8. Conclusion.
  9. Bibliography.

The Roman Empire had a very complex structure. It consisted in fact of three interconnected essential elements, each representing an instrument of the power. There was first of all, the central administration, then the provincial administration and finally, the army. This last one was strong and powerful. It was moreover often described as the first modern professional army, which was characterized by a precise organization, strict training and specialized structures. Thus, the army proved itself indispensable for the preservation of an Empire. It was indeed the army that assured its security and was, at the same time, the guarantor for the tenure of the power of the Emperor. But, considering its very important strength and a certain shape of independence, the army had also a sizable impact, in the social, economic, cultural and political domains of provinces. It was involved in their everyday life, not only as a visible presence, but especially as a representation of the Roman imperial power on cities and villages. So, how the Roman army had influenced and governed provinces and communities of the empire?

[...] The army, following the changes of the emperor Augustus also played a bigger political role in the Roman Empire, mainly in provinces and communities. This emperor was, in fact, obliged to cope with realities of this new professional army, and thus had to develop the administrative infrastructure to control this creation. He evolved also the political organization in provinces in which the army had to work. And by this way, the army was perceived as a powerful instrument of political control in provinces. [...]

[...] ) At strategic points in the provinces were placed allied ships, squadrons of cavalry and cohorts of auxiliaries, more or less equivalent to the legions in strength ».[1]Thanks to this extract, we can see that the Roman Empire possessed a navy, an army of legionaries and auxiliaries situated on frontiers and finally troops near Rome. The army was also better formed and qualified. All these measures were been organized to protect at best, the security of the empire. It is finally important to see that the army was from now on, centralized in provinces. [...]

[...] So finally, the army played a great role in provinces and communities of the Roman Empire, and not only military. It was a vital element for the economy of its cities. It also allowed to spread the Roman culture, and has finally, lastly, played a not unimportant political role. It is nevertheless necessary to know that all people did not venerate the army and it meets itself mainly in sources, written by the Roman elite, which considered the soldiers as a threat. [...]

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