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Games in Ancient Rome

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  1. Introduction
    1. Definitions
    2. What is Subway concept?
    3. Why is it called Subway?
    4. Why the name was not translated to French
    5. Slogan
  2. Subway's adaptation to French culture and gastronomy
  3. Conclusion

The tradition of the games in Rome was often confused with the origins of the city, but under the monarchy and at the beginning of the Republic, they were rare and infrequent (about every 5 years). It was not until the second Punic war that their numbers increased. Under the Republic, there were only two major festivals: the Ludi Romani dedicated to Capitoline Jupiter (they remain the most important religious and sports festival), and Ludi Plebeia. Early in its history, Rome had about 10 days of shows. Under the Empire, this number exceeded to 150.
This raises the question why the games have become so important in the Empire and what their impact on society is. At first, we'll see how the Games evolved in Rome, then who the actors are, and finally why they are so popular.

The first function of the games is to restore peace between men and gods who are offered such entertainment. As a result, new festivals were created: the Megalenses dedicated to Cybele, the Floral dedicated to Flora (173 BC.). The games of the religious calendar are given fixed dates. We also witnessed the development of votive games, which are given in thanks to a gift from the gods. These ceremonies were strictly codified-
- Solemn offerings and banquet with the magistrates and priests
-Procession starting from the Capitol to the Circus: parade of riders, participants in games, carrying sacred objects + representations of the gods (statues) that are installed in place of honor.

One can see from this example that the Roman religion is very expressive. Votive games are also given to obtain favors from the gods, and the Floral Games were conducted for benefit of high fertility, where the gods were honored by the sacrifice of a horse winning a race.

Games were also conducted in honor of the power-hungry personal triumphal feats. Gradually, the military victories, the consultation of oracles were followed by games as a gesture of appeasing the gods. The death of the Romans belonging to larger families also became the pretext for organizing shows for the masses. These allow these families to remember their deeds and to spread their power in the city. It should be emphasized that the games had primarily a religious role, which faded very quickly in favor of the personal ambition of magistrates, notable personalities, etc.

As we have seen, the games were originally associated with religious ceremonies, but gradually, the popularity of these events was manipulated for political purposes. Although they have lost their religious significance, they are still organized according to this schedule.

Games organized by private individuals were subject to open-handedness.These individuals were seeking recognition of the city through the organization of festivals. These very expensive games were offered by the emperor, magistrate to gain popularity or as a means of canvassing for vote. The organization of major events was also a way for the princes to be remembered, in fact, there was a "competition" between the emperors who wanted to organize games as grandiose or better than their predecessors.

Tags: Ancient Roman entertainment, Megalenses, Floral

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