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  1. Unity in Islam
  2. Diversification in Islam
  3. Civilization in Islam

Commonly known as Ibn Batutta, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Batutta was born in Tangir, a small town located in what is believed to be the present day Morocco, in the year 1304 (Gosch & Stearns, 2007, pp. 120-122). During his early life, Ibn, having been brought up in an Islamic family, studied Sheria law, before setting up a trip to Mecca in the year 1325. By this time, Ibn was only twenty one years but he rose to the challenge of performing the Islamic obligatory act of visiting Mecca and making pilgrimage (Gosch & Stearns, 2007, pp. 121-123).

[...] References Battuta, I. (2010). The Travels of Ibn Battuta. New York: Cosmo. David, W. (2010). The Odyssey of Ibn Battuta: Uncommon Tales of a Medieval Adventurer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Dunn, R. a. (2005). The adventures of Ibn Battuta: A Muslim Traveller of the 14th Century. Oakland: University of California Press. [...]

[...] He is believed to have died in Morocco around the year 1369, though no one knows the location of his grave. The accounts of Ibn were recorded by a young scholar, commissioned by the sultan of Fez in Morocco (Gosch & Stearns pp. 188-200). No one would have envisaged that the voyage taken by a young man almost nine hundred years ago would be of great importance to the Islamic community. Through the accounts of Ibn during his journey, Muslims are able to gather and learn many important things about Islam. [...]

[...] For instance, there was formal education (Meri & Bacharach pp. 352-355). This is where people could learn and be taught. The fact that Ibn studied Islamic law is brought to our attention, and this is even enriched by the hint that the thirst for further education was among the factors that incited Ibn, to leave his hometown and travelled to the land yonder. The art of writing that existed during those ancient times is the reason why we are able to know about Ibn's voyage. [...]

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