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History of the European idea

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  1. Introduction
    1. Definitions
    2. What is Subway concept?
    3. Why is it called Subway?
    4. Why the name was not translated to French
    5. Slogan
  2. Subway's adaptation to French culture and gastronomy
  3. Conclusion

According to the nations of Europe, the word "union" can take a different direction. The words do not have the same meaning in different countries. It is therefore necessary to consider what Europe is: is it an independent continent? Is Europe basically a kind of peninsula of Eurasia? Is there a unit, a spatial framework defined? What could be its borders?

According to Lucien Febvre: "Europe is an area of civilizations" that is to say, that we must define concepts by human culture. This idea is reflected through the Charter of Fundamental Rights proposed to voters in the Constitutional Treaty draft; in addition, there is Jean Baptiste Duroselle's statement, "Europe is a construction of mind." There would be no pre-established Europe but a Europe to be built.

The origins go back to Ancient Greece. Hesiod, Greek poet of the eighth century BC, evokes the myth of Europe, the daughter of a king of Phoenicia, from the city of Tyre and the Agenor region. She was abducted by Zeus, and from this union was born a son, a symbol of wisdom and king of Crete, Minos. The brothers of Europe never managed to find her. The idea of the emancipation of Europe from Asia then arises.

Another origin is rooted in the geography of continents in the Bible and specifically in Genesis, Chapters IX and X. After the flood, Noah would have divided the world between his three sons: Shem (Semitic origin of the word) who would have been given Asia, Japheth would have been entrusted with Europe and Africa to Cham .The Asia / Europe distinction mentioned the idea of a hierarchy of continents. Japhet was identified as Iapetus by the Greco-Romans, as the father of Prometheus.

Herodotus uses for the first time the term "of europaoi" to talk about Greek soldiers fighting for their independence against the Persians. This is the idea of free men fighting against the monarchy of the Persians overall and against the will of dominating Asia. Subsequently, linguists have studied the origin of words. For the Greeks, "Eurus" means "large" and "ops" means "eye." The Phoenician word "Eurebou" mean "lying" and "acou" means "east" So in Asia, Japan also called "the land of the rising sun."

If we are talking about a location in Europe, where does one draw the line? To the ancients, the Mediterranean is an area of the sea that separates Europe and Africa. The ocean is another maritime boundary. Europe stretches from the west to the ocean. Between Asia and Europe, where is the limit? First, the straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus, ranging from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea; A border often accepted, especially by Aristotle and Pliny, is the Don, a Russian river partly Ukrainian. The idea of the Don as the limit was often admitted even if it is not recognized. Now considering the Don as a possible limit would be involved in the collective consciousness to include Ukraine and Moldova to Europe. Ukraine could be said that its territory has always been regarded as a European territory.

Tags: concept of Europe, Aristotle, Pliny

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