Chicago and an American city model in the 19th century
- A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
- A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
- The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
- A controversial ?clan?
- The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
- The end of a myth?
In October 1870, nearly 300 people died in the Great Chicago Fire. Yet, the next day, the editorial in the Chicago Tribune mentioned the following words: "in the midst of an unprecedented calamity () the people of this city, once beautiful, have made a decision: " Chicago will rise again "" These lines illustrate the importance of this unprecedented fire that destroyed much of the city, but especially highlights the energy of a city reborn from the ashes: the disaster becomes an opportunity for the city of Chicago. This myth of a city reborn after being destroyed by fire, occupies a central place in the history of Chicago after 1870. How will the new Chicago be built after the fire that represented the power and modernity of the United States in the nineteenth century? How can we consider Chicago as a model of an American city, a reflection and an illustration of American modernism between 1970 and the beginning of World War I? To answer these questions, we will analyze the work of rebuilding the city after the fire as marked by a desire to build a city copy (I), a developer of American power in the economic but also cultural areas (II ). On the other hand, the model embodied by Chicago quickly revealed its limitations, particularly because of the social crises that crossed during the late nineteenth century (III).