Does the Nile belong to Egypt?
- The beginning of Nationalists drift
- The progressive integration of Jews
- The legacy of traditional Judaism
- Persistent prejudices
- The rise of antisemitism in the 1880s
- The Jew, 'scapegoat of modernity '
- Strengthening the construction of identity in race
- Discomfort spread by the press and the literature
- The violent antisemitism led to a division of corporations
- Of termination to the exclusion
- The instrumentalization of anti-Semitism by political forces
- Zionism, a response to the barbaric antisemitism
This document is an imaginary debate between the presidents of Egypt and Ethiopia, representing the NBI (Nile Basin Initiative) and Koichiro Matsuura (former director of UNESCO. We present the excerpts from the document: "We will address the following question: "Does the Nile belong to Egypt?". Historically the Nile had raised many differences. Despite the establishment of agreements and treaties between the countries concerned, the problem of the Nile waters is still relevant. The ten countries along the Nile have to share this resource that is called blue gold, and that five of them are among the poorest countries in the world. They have a demography that continues to grow. Currently, water has become a political and economic important issue. The World Bank estimates indicate that over one billion people will be deprived of drinking water in less than 50 years. As we have seen, the Nile gave rise to many discussions and other diplomatic wrangling. And, although relations between the states of the Nile Basin are still tense, we can still observe that a change can be assumed and a gradual improvement in the situation will occur. But of course even with solutions, limits do appear. "This valley of discord" is not a single factor, and this problem of the hydraulic press is "not less than forty conflict zones" around the world. Given this, one wonders if the water does not become closer in years to become an unusually rich source of new wars."