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Eastern Asia, a surface of expanding power

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  1. Introduction
    1. The central pulse of the major global space
  2. One of the most active coastlines
    1. Intense trading activity
  3. An open front to the world
    1. The hyper-megalopolis
    2. A unique geographical object
    3. The U.S. and the global super center
    4. Centers of major impetus of globalization
  4. Factors leading to the rise of the Atlantic
    1. A historic building (the entrance of Europeans)
    2. A coastline open to feed the world
  5. Facilities that have contributed to the Growth
  6. Doors which have rich ocean hinterlands
  7. A facade being integrated
  8. A differentiated regional organization
    1. The northeast and its margins, the heart of America and the world
    2. Changing the old south
  9. Coastal Specialist
    1. The sun-belt of the United States
    2. The Mexican facade
  10. Conclusion

The eastern region of Asia, including Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, coastal China and Singapore, has one of the largest concentrations of people in the world with a population of over 700 million. It is an area marked by the diversity of territories (the city-state to the Maritime provinces of mainland state), political regimes (democracy, popular party like China or North Korea or a constitutional monarchy like Japan), and levels of development (the second world power in areas outside the development of mainland China). However, there is a common denominator in this mosaic. East Asia is characterized by high growth rates, as a major area of the world economy. Can East Asia assert itself as a major pulse center of the global space?

The weight of East Asia in the global economy - East Asia has become the third pole of the Triad behind North America and the European Union. It participates in 25% of world gross income (14% for Japan, 3.6% for China).

Industrial power that comes with a large business exposure - Eastern Asia has based its development on the growth of the industry. To this end, it has developed a wide range of industrial production, from heavy industry (shipbuilding, steel) to high-tech industries (computers, robotics) through the consumer goods industries (automotive, textiles). This space has become a major center of momentum of globalization, that is to say, a space that plays an important role in flows that supply the world system. It participates in more than 20% of world exports and manufacturing products account for 85% of area exports. Electronics products, Japanese or Korean cars, textiles, toys made in China are flooding the European and American markets. East Asia has been implementing an extrovert development strategy, based on exports and winning foreign markets.

A powerful magnet - The economic dynamism of East Asia also relies on its ability to attract capital. It has therefore become a privileged location for multinational companies and relocation of production units that are large users of labor. The area is the third largest destination for FDI (foreign direct investment) behind Western Europe and North America. Since 2002, China is the leading destination for FDI to the state level.

Japan's development preceded the rise of "dragons"- The industrialization of the country began in 1868 at the beginning of the Meiji era, the Age of Enlightenment and its opening to the outside world. Japanese products are cheap s but poor in quality. Japanese power is primarily military and results in an expansionist policy in Southeast Asia. Japan emerged from World War II partly destroyed, but as early as the 1970, it became the second largest economy. From 1945 to 1955, Japan resorted to imports of raw materials and capital goods; it produces textiles, shoes, small mechanical goods

From 1955 to 1973 was the period of "high growth", the legendary boom, the "Japanese miracle". The average annual growth rate is then greater than 10%. Japan adopts the strategy of import substitution, which is to limit imports and produce what was bought abroad.

Tags: global economy, Meiji era, foreign direct investment

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