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Historical and geographical features of Greenland

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  1. A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
    1. A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
    2. The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
  2. A controversial ?clan?
    1. The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
    2. The end of a myth?

Greenland, or "green earth", is an island situated at high latitude and is an autonomous territory belonging to the Kingdom of Denmark. It is situated in north-eastern Canada, between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. The northern island is crossed by the Arctic Circle. Greenland is separated from Canada, to the west by Davis Strait and Baffin Bay, and Iceland, and in the east by the Strait of Denmark. Its capital is Nuuk and it has a total area of 2,175,600 sq km. Greenland is the largest island in the world. A large number of coastal islands are connected to it, including the island of Disko (8578 km ²), on the west coast. Much of the territory is covered by an ice cap. Greenland and the Faroe Islands are part of the Kingdom of Denmark, and enjoy extensive autonomy. From a legislative standpoint, Greenland is formally responsible to the Danish Folketing, where it is represented by two terms, but in practice, the Territorial Assembly (Landsting) of Greenland is vested with legislative powers in almost all areas.

The foreign policy, the police and justice, and the Greenland Command, are based in Grønnedal. The supreme representative of the Danish government in Greenland is the Commissioner of the kingdom (Rigsombudsmanden). In this case, we will study in the first part, the generalities, which include the history, geography, languages and traditions. In the second part, we will discuss the economic aspects, and in the third part, we deal with the political aspects. Finally, we discuss the topic of water and the ice cap.

Up to approx. 4500 BC, the path to Greenland was blocked by the last remnant of the huge ice cap of the last glaciation, which remained in the Canadian Arctic. The first humans arrived in the far north of Greenland about 2500 BC., and during a few hundred years ago, all parts of the country that emerged from the ice was occupied by a group of Arctic hunters called Paleo-Eskimos. The reason for their rapid expansion was a softening climate as evidenced by the retreat of the ice, which allowed the Arctic hunters to follow the herds of musk ox and reindeer. Finds of bone and stone tools show the cultural homogeneity that prevailed from Alaska to Greenland.

The first civilization in Arctic Canada is known as Pre-Dorset, while in Greenland, a distinction is made between a culture known as "Independence-I", which describes the musk ox hunters of the far north, and Saqqaq culture characterized by the capture of seals and reindeer hunting in the south. A new immigration, which took place in Greenland shortly before 1000 BC is called "Independence-II" culture.

In the late tenth century, Global warming had a significant impact for the people of the northern hemisphere. The waters of the Canadian archipelago, less encumbered by ice, allowed the great whales come to feed in these regions. Eskimo whalers from northern Alaska in large leather-covered boats reached Greenland in the twelfth century.

Tags: Paleo-Eskimos, Global warming, Greenland

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