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The Geography of the World System and its limits

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  1. Epistemological Preamble
  2. What reads the World?
  3. What issues?
  4. The Building of the geography of the World
  5. The zones
  6. The effects of distance

The world has become a challenge for geography: The World is a space, a territory under the control of a conglomerate. The World is a proper name designating an appropriate location; it can be taken as a geon i.e., a particular space, a region. The general geography has a thematic approach (studying the effects of a phenomenon) and an academic approach (studying law). The area is usually a subset of national space, and is of complementary regions, articulated with higher levels. But it also speaks of ?world regions', which shows a lack of vocabulary to describe a subset world (e.g., Alena EU). If the world is a region that does not mean it is a subset (except when treating the earth as part of the solar system). The World is a plot of land: and identified and appropriate land. This discussion is recent: the term ?world system' was invented by Olivier Dollfus in 1984 and incorporated in the Universal Geography Volume 1, Part 2, under the direction of O. Dollfus.

[...] The eastern limits of Europe changed: the ethnographer of Peter the Great, Tatichtchev, was instrumental in making the Ural Mountains a divisional boundary between Europe and Asia and for creating a border line of Russia to be integrated into Europe and for pushing the ?barbaric' world to the east. This historical relativism can better understand why it is difficult to draw the boundaries of continents on a map and characterize parts of the world. This suited the beginning of the century and is more appropriate today. [...]

[...] For there to be mass consumption, we need mass production: the case of NE Brazil and the Caribbean with the plantation system (which existed in the East) of using mills, heavy investments, then slavery which became common from the seventeenth century. Strong economic growth in Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth century encouraged emigration to the tropics, to temperate environments of the southern hemisphere (Argentina, South Africa, Australia) The effects of distance Distance is an essential element of pricing in the light of technological advances. [...]

[...] Puf A linear progress (capitalist) W. W. Rostow. The stages of economic growth. Seuil (Points) Francis Fukuyama. The End of History and the Last Man. Flammarion (Champs) A global company PierreNoël Giraud. The inequality in the contemporary world. Gallimard (Folio actuel) Political vision Bertrand Badie. The end of the territories. Fayard Cultural resistance Samuel Huntington. The clash of civilizations. Threshold Serge Latouche, The Westernization of the World. Discovery Cahiersdu film, No. 26: Different views on globalization, June 1998. M. Beaud. O. Dollfus. C. [...]

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