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The Latino community in New York City

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  1. Introduction
  2. From a predominantly European to a mainly Latino immigration
    1. The begining of the shift
  3. The modification of the 'face' of New York
    1. Latino immigrants settling in the city
  4. The future of the Latino migration to New York City
    1. An increase in rejection from the local community
  5. Conclusion
  6. Bibliography

Traditionally, the media tend to focus their attention on the Latino migration in States such as Texas, California, New Mexico, in other words on southern states close to the Mexican border.
The East Coast seems to be completely forgotten as if it remained the gateway of the Europeans into America. It seems that there is no Latino community along the Atlantic if one is to listen to the newspapers.
This vision is naturally untrue and I chose the example of New York City, home to a large Latino community, to emphasize the diversity of the Latino migration to the United States of America. New York in particular strikes my interest as Ellis Island among other symbols of the European migration to the US are located in this particular city whereas ironically, most of today's migrants come from the Americas.
How did this shift from a mainly European destination to a predominantly Latino place of settlement occur?
First, I will examine the actual shift in terms of history and study the reasons underpinning this tremendous change. Secondly, I will emphasize the geographical implications of this shift within the city, more precisely where the new migrants settled and how the face of New York changed over the decades. Lastly, I will address the future of this new wave of migration and try to hypothesize whether this change is to last or not.

[...] That is why there is no doubt that the whole debate over immigration is offset from reality but given the increasing Latino presence in New York it is likely that rejection behaviors toward them are only going to get worse in the next couple of decades. On the other hand, the Latino migration to New York is not going to be curbed any time soon. Two major changes are at work among the community: diversification in terms of their country of origin and large increase in terms of numbers of Latinos living in the city. [...]

[...] The Latino presence in New York City is old, as it is in the United States itself, but recent times showed a tremendous increase in immigration from more and more countries. Dominicans are to overtake Puerto Ricans soon but other nationalities such as Mexicans are growing as well. Former Black and White neighborhoods (Harlem, which used to be 100% Black some years ago for instance) are now turning into predominantly Latino Barrios. This situation triggers conflicts and rises in fears among locals but they do not prevent more and more Latinos from settling nor do they prevent the new generations from assimilating, as the Dominicans' case showed. [...]

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