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A historical overview of the Borobudur temple

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Location and Environment.
  3. Buddhism in Java.
  4. The Monument.
  5. Monument with a Message.
  6. Architectural History and Symbolic Meaning.
  7. Borobudur as a Mountain, Stupa and Mandala.
  8. The Mahakarmavibhangga.
  9. Jatakas and Avadanas.
  10. The Latitavistara.
  11. Conclusion.

Indonesia is home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World: the Buddhist monument of Borobudur. Although this monument is not one of the most widely known wonders of the globe it clearly represents a pinnacle of both architectural development and religious worship. Created between the seventh and eighth centuries by the people of the Sailendra Dynasty, Borobudur remains a spectacle of awe and inspiration. With the realization that Borobudur has such significance for both the Buddhist religion and travelers from all over the globe, there is a clear impetus to better understand this wonder and its purpose and meaning. Using this as a basis for investigation, this research considers an overview of the temple, and its history and meaning. Through a careful consideration for the Borobudur, it will be possible to provide a more integral understanding of the overall significance of this temple.Location and Environment.In order to begin this investigation, it is first helpful to consider both the location and environment of the Borobudur monument.

[...] The Gandayuha is based on the Mahayayana text, the Bhadrucari. Conclusion When the data presented in this investigation is synthesized overall, it becomes quite evident that the Chandi Borobudur is indeed one of the most complex, enigmatic and magnificent creations in the world. Although this research provides a broad overview of the some of the most notable features of the monument, the extent of the architecture and history that surrounds this monument is far more complex than what is presented here. The Chandi Borobudur provides us with a look [...]

[...] ?Hindu and Buddhist sanctuaries were, so to speak, packed together within a radius of less than three kilometers from the point where the two Kedu rivers meet? (p. 2). Although many of the Hindu temples have been destroyed, many of the Buddhist temples remain in tact, preserved throughout the ages. Buddhism in Java With a basic overview of the location and environment of the temple provided, it is now possible to consider the Buddhist religion on the island of Java. As noted above, the Buddhist temples on the island were well preserved when compared to their Hindu counterparts. [...]

[...] Architectural History and Symbolic Meaning Considering next the architectural history of the Chandi Borobudur, scholars report that the monument is uniquely constructed in terms of both the materials used and the utility of the landmark: Borobudur monument was built and carved out of andesite, a volcanic rock that covers most of the island of Java. The shape of the Borobudur monument resembles a stepped pyramid, and it is neither a temple, nor a sanctuary, nor even a place of worship. [...]

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