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The Life of Octavian and the Events that led to his rule

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  1. Although Octavius came from a wealthy family, history on the leader's childhood suggests that he did not spend much time with his father.
  2. In the aftermath of Caesar's death, historians note that Octavian returned to Rome with the expectation of political hostilities toward the Julian family.
  3. As the triumvirate set about the business of protecting the empire, Octavian was given charge of the army and its campaigns in Italy.
  4. With almost unanimous support for his leadership, Octavian was granted the leadership of Rome.
  5. The changes that Octavian made to the tax infrastructure were not the only notable accomplishments undertaken.
  6. Octavian is also noted for his deep commitment to revitalizing religion in Rome.
  7. It is for these contributions that Octavian's memory lives on in modern history.

Throughout the course of history, there have been a number of notable leaders that have significantly altered or improved civilization. Although the contributions of many of these leaders have fallen by the wayside in modern times, there are a few that remain as prominent today as they were during their reign. Such is the case with Augustus Caesar. With the realization that Augustus Caesar, also known as Octavian, remains such a prominent leader because of his contributions to the development of Rome, this investigation considers the life of this ruler, the events that led to his rule as princeps. Through a careful consideration of Octavian's life, it will be possible to demonstrate the broad contributions that this ruler made to the whole of civilization.
Augustus Caesar?An Introduction
Research on the life of Augustus Caesar demonstrates that, Octavian was born Gaius Octavius on 23 September 63 BC, in Rome. Octavian and his family were not well known in Rome because ?The Octavii were new men (novi homines) from Velitrae (modern Vellitri), a Volscian town about twenty-five miles south-east of Rome? (Southern, 1).

[...] While it is quite evident that Octavian brought considerable prosperity and innovation to the Roman Empire, historians examining Octavian's rule argue that his most notable contribution to the state was the extended reign of peace that Octavian fostered (49). While it is quite evident that Octavian upheld a number of notable military challenges against the Roman Empire, his principle duty to the citizens of Rome appears to be his desire to establish a peaceful democracy in which the whole of Rome could thrive (49). [...]


[...] In addition to improving the finances of the government, Octavian also set to the task of establishing a fire and police force. Researchers examining the development of a police force in Rome note that until the time of Octavian's rule, the Empire did not see fit to establish a police force (156). The widespread social problems that had arisen in Rome prompted Octavian to create a fire department, which later assumed the duties of a police unit. In order to finance the operations of the fire/police department, Octavian introduced a two percent sales tax on the sale of slaves. [...]

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