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The Growth of Education in Tudor England under the Influences of Church and State

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  1. Introduction
  2. A rising public interest in schools
    1. The growth of an increasingly literate society
  3. The Reformation in England
    1. Henry's concern about the universities
    2. Edward VI: Important developments for Protestantism and education
    3. The reign of Mary, Edward's half sister
    4. The need for those entering the professional field to have an education
    5. The institutions of Oxford and Cambridge
  4. Backbone of all institutions of English education: The devotion to religion
  5. Puritanism: An important movement in England
  6. Conclusion
  7. Works cited

The growth of education in England is largely associated with the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and the rule of the Tudor monarchy. Although there are many factors which contributed to the advancement of education, it was the policies of church and state that had the greatest impact. It is also important to note that the growth of education was an inevitably slow process for England; advancements were followed by setbacks and so on. The Reformation in England brought the rise of a Protestant society bent on procuring Protestant religion among the masses. During this same time, more and more interest was also given to the institution of education.

[...] At this time, the people of England had become greatly devoted to religious orthodoxy and the religious teachings learned in schools were also reverberated in the home. As with most developing institutions, the growth of education and schools was not a steady process. While in most cases institutions advanced to become well equipped centers of education, there were still cases of woeful inadequacy. As the seventeenth century progressed, it became more and more important for members of the lay society to be educated in order to secure a professional career, thus ensuring that education institutions would continue to spread and develop in the years to come. [...]

[...] Following his rejection, Henry severed papal jurisdiction in England and proceeded to found and become head of the Church in England. Henry's next step in severing papal ties was the dissolution of the monasteries and chantries; though motivated by financial reasons, this was a considerable step for protestant advancement. While the dissolution of the monasteries and chantries did cause certain places of education to disappear, it was not long before new institutions were established and old ones re-established.[6] In an effort to bring these new institutions under a uniform system, Henry instituted the use of uniform Latin grammar, which had the effect of creating more permanently based schools.[7] Henry was also concerned about the universities where the student population had declined significantly and ?conditions were so confused that teaching and learning suffered serious hardships.? The two main universities focused on were Oxford and Cambridge. [...]

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