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The Polis and Chora of Chersonesos in Crimea, Ukraine

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  1. Introduction
  2. Geographical setting
  3. Historical development
  4. The threat of neighboring factions
  5. Results of excavations
  6. Conclusion
  7. Works referenced

The archaeological site of Chersonesos in Crimea, Ukraine, has been called ?the Ukrainian Pompeii? and with good reason. Very few sites in the world can claim to have such an abundance of well-preserved remains. Tens of towers, a monumental defensive wall, a theater, and numerous farmsteads are some of the structures that have remained in a remarkable state of preservation making Chersonesos the best-preserved Greek colonial territory. Evidence of Bronze Age, Early Iron Age, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine habitation have all been found throughout Chersonesos as well. Chersonesos exhibits great diversity, both culturally and ethnically. For these reasons, it is one of the most historically significant sites in the world

[...] was unable to determine to approximate population of Chersonesos in the fourth century.) In 390-380 BC, Chersonesos struck its first coins. Bronze forms for coins have been excavated in a building which was most likely the mint. Hellenistic coinage from the fourth and third centuries often depicted Artemis; one such coin displays a head of Artemis on the obverse and a wounded stag on the reverse. As part of the legacy of the Tauric influence, Artemis was revered as the principal deity of Chersonesos. [...]

[...] The defensive nature of the tower would have made it an ideal place to store wine in pithoi because of the value of both the wine and its container; the cost of one pithoi could equal the value of one year's crop (Carter et al. 2002). Interestingly, evidence from excavations has shown that there is a larger amount of farm utensils rather than kitchen utensils at some farm sites. The implication of this is that these farms, it seems, were intended to serve production and not residence. [...]

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