The Battle of Britain in World War II
- German's general Hermann Goering's
- The Battle of Britain
- World War II
- The Luftwaffe
The Battle of Britain was an encounter between British air force, the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the German air force, the Luftwaffe. The aerial battle took place in the United Kingdom in 1940. Germany had planned an invasion, named ?Operation Sealion?, in Britain. For Germany to execute the attack successfully, they had to eliminate the British air force to avoid it from interfering with the invasion. German's first attack was in August of 1940 on British airfields and cities targeting to bring out the RAF and wipe them down (Tedder, 2010).
Britain used its RADA technology, even with Germany's underestimation, to decode Germany's communication to learn of the next planned attacks. In the month of August, Germany lost 699 units while Britain lost 366 units forcing Hitler to cancel the planned invasion, accepted Britain's defeat but continued to bomb. From the start of Germany's invasion of Britain, Germany lacked strategic attack plans, mainly due to lack of coherence, consistency, and clearly outlined aims, despite its resources supremacy, made it lose The Battle of Britain (Holman, 2012).
German's general Hermann Goering's haphazard and indecisive way of conducting Luftwaffe's operations contributed to the failure of Germany in The Battle of Britain. Goering fear of Hitler contributes to his making disastrous decisions that hindered Germany from winning the war. According to Johnson (1998), two major decision made by Goering were key contributors to Germans defeat (Browne, 2004).
[...] The decision shows the questionable thinking of the German's command. The Planned Operation Sealion was questioned due to the suspicion that the German forces could not have rendered a successful invasion. It is believed that even if the Germans had won in the air, they could notwithstanding have been unsuccessful in the Operation Sealion. The Germans had planned to attack Britain using 16,000 men over a 40 miles coastline that could have led them into the arms of the RAF. [...]
[...] The Battle of Britain, in 1940 and "Big Week," in 1944: A Comparative Perspective. Air Power History, 34-45. Hinsley, F. H. (2013). Hitler's strategy. Cambridge University Press. Holman, B. (2012). 'Bomb Back, and Bomb Hard': Debating Reprisals during the Blitz* 'Bomb Back, and Bomb Hard': Debating Reprisals during the Blitz. Australian Journal Of Politics & History, 394-407. [...]
[...] The Luftwaffe was faced with failure that came from the top leadership and trickled down. According to Bungay (2011), the Luftwaffe was commanded to carry out the wrong tasks in the wrong way. The aristocratic leadership at the top enabled him even to stop the progress of the massive bomber program by canceling the Do 19 and Ju 89, an action that might have caused the failure of the German air force. The German air force had the Bf109 Messerschmitt that was stronger than the Hurricane and equaled the spitfire in maneuverability (Harvey, 2012). [...]
[...] After the Germans had defeated France, The British government was almost sure that Germany would come to Britain next to launch their war there. Britain's fears were confirmed when they got the message from the radio transmissions where Germany was communicating of their planned attack on Britain. Therefore, from that time Britain embarked on building its forces, ammunition and guns imports that came from the United States despite that German had threatened to make an attack using the German submarine. [...]
[...] The cease of the operations gave Britain time to recover and strategize on any further oncoming attack. Secondly, if Goering had persisted on fighting down the RAF at their fighter stations instead of moving their attention to London, he might have got air superiority early enough at the Channel and over southern England. Hitler's autocratic rule allowed him to overrule major tactical decisions in the Nazi regime, which contributed to the triumph of Germany in The Battle of Britain. Hitler overruled strategic decisions aimed at beating down the Royal Air Force on their land and in turn endorsed tactics that he thought would work (Hinsley, 2013). [...]