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History of the United States from 1945 to 1964

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  1. Introduction
  2. Geopolitical and strategic balance
  3. The postwar period was marked by the deterioration of relations with the USSR
  4. Political balance
  5. Demographic and social assessment
  6. Scientific assessment and cultural
  7. Missile crisis in Cuba
  8. Civil rights and an end to racial segregation
  9. Conclusion

In 1945, the United States figure victors of the Second World War alongside the other Allies. American power emerged stronger global conflict. U.S. soldiers enjoy a positive image in Western Europe. The postwar period was marked by the deterioration of relations with the USSR.

With the disappearance of the common enemy (Axis), the Grand Alliance broke up. Roosevelt and Truman ordered the general demobilization: U.S. troops spend 11 to 1.5 million men returning soldiers are facilitated by the application of the GI Bill of Rights (June 1944), which allows hundreds of thousands of young soldiers to integrate the university and to acquire housing through preferential rates and guaranteed loans. Yet the United States learn from the post World War and decided to break with isolationism: This is what San Francisco signed the UN Charter, the founding act of the UN. The Soviet expansionism and the beginnings of the Cold War lead to pose as leaders of the free world (Truman Doctrine in 1947).

With the war, the federal government continued to intervene in the national economy. President Roosevelt continued state intervention he had undertaken to combat the effects of the Great Depression with the New Deal. Harry Truman was in charge to end the war, as Roosevelt died while in office in April 1945. He threw the two atomic bombs to get Japan's surrender. He tried to apply the Fair Deal, a range of economic and social reforms whose principles inscribed in the continuity of his New Deal predecessor ensure full employment, increase the minimum wage, support agricultural tariffs, strengthen social security system, improve habitat and implement major projects. This policy ran the Republican-dominated Congress in 1945.

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