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Beginnings of European construction (1945-1957)

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  1. Introduction
  2. The beginning of Nationalists drift
    1. The progressive integration of Jews
    2. The legacy of traditional Judaism
    3. Persistent prejudices
  3. The rise of antisemitism in the 1880s
    1. The Jew, 'scapegoat of modernity '
    2. Strengthening the construction of identity in race
    3. Discomfort spread by the press and the literature
  4. The violent antisemitism led to a division of corporations
    1. Of termination to the exclusion
    2. The instrumentalization of anti-Semitism by political forces
    3. Zionism, a response to the barbaric antisemitism

The European Union is a part of its geographical, political, economic and cultural history. There is no coincidence between the natural limits of the continent and its creation. The European Union was born of war, and has continued to be bellicose. Between 1740 and 1990, there were nearly 160 armed conflicts, including 600 major battles (Verdun, Austerlitz).

Europe had a "death instinct" (Freud) and that did not stop even after the trauma of the Great War because after 20 years, it was reset. This is the sequence of successive clashes, which by dint of exhausting all our resources, allowed us to create a dynamic social, political, economic and cultural nation. We've transformed from an individual political, nationalist and expansionist state and exacerbated the awareness of a real potential of the unity of the geostrategic situation. How does one go from one country to another and be obsessed by their individual achievements in a single European community, and united by their survival and organized search for better changes?

Even before the end of World War I, Louise Weiss, a French intellectual and figure of the peace movement, will talk about "reconciliation between the European states to ensure peace on the continent." In addition, the ideology of a new and united Europe will be strengthened in November 1922 with the creation of pan-European movement whose author is the Austrian Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi. For the first time, Coudenhove makes the vision of a united Europe politically, economically and militarily possible. It is certain that the Franco-German reconciliation is necessary to maintain peace in Europe and so it suggests to unite the German coal and French ore in order to create a pan-European steel industry.

In the same context of Franco-German rapprochement, we can also talk about the Treaty of Locarno of October 16, 1925 which was a turning point in the inter-war period because it is a period of stability and reconciliation. The pact between Germany, France, Great Britain, Belgium and Italy concluded agreements. The most important remains the Rhine pact or security pact that ensure the maintenance of the territorial status quo and refrain from using force in case of any conflict between them.

During the War of 1939-1945 was founded, a "Draft Declaration on the European resistance." Transition: during the inter-war period there was already talk of a union between European countries, new fundamental advances have been made by great men in the European War to the Cold War, who talk about peace in times of global conflict.

The idea of creating a European entity comes from a generation of men who have suffered from the war. Their ambition is to combine hitherto enemies in order to promote peace on the continent. The founders of Europe come from different backgrounds, Christian Democrats and Social Democrats. I will quote some of the great men who brought their motivations for European integration at the beginning of the Cold War. Churchill, former prime minister and war hero who wants a Franco-German reconciliation. On September 19, 1946, he delivered at the University of Zurich a discourse on European unity.

Tags: European integration, European Union, pan-European steel industry

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