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  1. The tyranny form of government
    1. The concept of power
    2. The tyrant, the sole holder of power
  2. Tyranny, a controversial and transient system
    1. A controversial system
    2. A transient regime

Born of the revolution of October 1917, the Soviet system could be an alternative system of liberal capitalist. Promising an ideal society, free from all inequalities, communism has fascinated generations of men. In 1945, the USSR was the only country in the world where the proletariat in power. Its prestige was due to the sacrifices made for its victory over Nazism. Stalin saw this as an opportunity to extend the Soviet model first in Europe and than in Asia.

Later in the seventies, the model continued its expansion in the Third World. What are the foundations of the Soviet model? How was it distributed? What were the trends and causes of its demise? The main theory of K. Marx, dialectical materialism, postulates that all human actions are governed by the material conditions of production (capital ownership, organization of production equipment, working conditions ). In fact, this leads to the idea that economics determines all human activities (politics, society, culture). Atheism is an important consequence of this theory that emphasizes materialism ("Religion is the opium of the people" Lenin).

In ?Das Kapital', Marx argues that industrial society is based on the exploitation of workers by capitalists seeking to increase their profits at the expense of the workers, hence the crises of overproduction leading necessarily to the collapse of the system. The workers must organize themselves to seize political power and control of companies and establish the "dictatorship of the proletariat", a new system where everyone works for the community and where the state serves only to redistribute the wealth produced according to individual needs. This system is called classless communism

The principle of "class struggle" - This is the principle enunciated by Karl Marx that the capitalist system produces a society that opposes the interests of the classes within it, particularly those of the "bourgeoisie" (owner of capital) and those of the "proletariat" (workers ). "Happiness" of each is incompatible with that of the others.

This opposition must inevitably end with the Revolution and the seizure of power by the proletariat. Revolution is inevitable because capitalism carries within it the seeds of its own destruction: the "bourgeois", minority, accounting for all the wealth, cannot consume the entire production, causing the collapse of the capitalist system.

The dictatorship of the proletariat - Lenin advocated the idea of one-party "vanguard of the proletariat," responsible for "guiding the masses" to the Revolution. This once done, the party establishes "the dictatorship of the proletariat" to eliminate opponents and educate the masses (removal of "bourgeois "). The private means of production are removed, the community supports the production and the need for the planning (planned economy).

The Stalinist system: 1928 ? 1953 - After Lenin's death (1924), Stalin changed the Soviet model in three directions:
- Personal dictatorship (murder of rivals - Trotsky - and the cult of personality more and more developed).
- Use of terror as a form of government and as a means of mobilizing labor (gulags, Stakhanovism).
- Breaking with the past application of revolutionary communism in one country (no break in the realization of communism in the USSR, but no incentive to trigger revolutions elsewhere).

Tags: communism in the USSR, Stalinist system, Karl Marx

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