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Agreements of Evian and the independence of Algeria

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  1. Introduction
  2. The Dilemma of Britain
    1. A real lack of interest in Europe
    2. An ambiguous response or 'Cordial bail'
  3. The need to protect Britain's global interests
    1. Europe against Commonwealth
    2. Europe against the rest of the world
  4. The need to channel this plan was said to be too ambitious
    1. Insert the plan in the League
    2. Too rapid?

The conflict broke out on 1 November 1954, following revolts coordinated by the FLN, an organization that managed to bring the Algerian nationalists together in their struggle for the independence of Algeria. Let us put this conflict and its radicalization, which took place as early as 1956, in a broader context, firstly through French colonial policy, and secondly through the march toward independence that seems truly global. Contrary to its policy of Tunisia or Morocco, the French government is inflexible on the status of French Algeria. It promotes policies that deny that the time of colonization is over, and is thus increasingly castigated. This recall is essential to understand that since 1960, the majority of the population in metropolitan France and Algeria was in favor of independence. Once placed in the theme of independence, the subject of the Evian makes sense.

The study of the Franco-Algerian conflict and its resolution will allow us to clarify complex concepts such as independence, sovereignty, and self-determination. We borrow from the historian Sylvia Thénault the name of "war of Algerian independence", which allows us to specify the angle at which the conflict will be addressed the outset; that of a long struggle of a nation to independence, and its consecration as a state. How have the Evian agreements played a major role in resolving the conflict and the birth of the Algerian state? In short, to what extent do these agreements denote the people's victory in the struggle for Algerian independence?

The independence of the Algerian state is certainly subject to ratification by the French and Algerian Evian agreements. However, the population was largely attuned to the idea of independence of Algeria. By formalizing the recognition of full sovereignty of the Algerian state, we can consider that upon signature, the Evian accords consecrated the independence of Algeria, ratification referendum amounting to a mere formality confirming a predetermined solution. For France, these agreements negotiated a long colonial war. Finally, at the international level, the Evian agreements mark a turning point in the history of decolonization.

At first, we'll see how the solution of independence was gradually imposed in the Franco-Algerian conflict.

Nationalism in reaction to the increasingly unsustainable colonial system - In response to the increasingly intolerable character of the colonial rule, the development of the Algerian national movement and its intensification by the use of violence must be viewed in the colonial context. What is now Algeria was divided into three territories having the status of French departments, the towns are Algiers, Oran and Constantine. Until 1946, the Code was applied to the rights of citizenship, a real legal system of social inequality and distinguished legal citizens and French subjects. Although the juro was acquired by the natives in 1946, citizenship is de facto the privilege of a minority. Despite the consistent support of Algeria during the two world wars, France refused to consider its independence. Also, the bloody repression of the nationalist revolt in Setif in 1945 and the absence of any significant change in favor of Algeria radicalized the positions of Algerian nationalists.

Tags: Algerian nationalists, Evian agreements, Algerian independence

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