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Campaigns in the United States, economy and nation (1917-1988)

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  1. A family that is closely linked with the US authorities
    1. A strong commitment to the American political and economic life
    2. The incarnation of the "model family" in the American myth of the Kennedys
  2. A controversial ?clan?
    1. The hidden faces of the Kennedy clan
    2. The end of a myth?

Until 1893, with the disappearance of the moving boundary in the western United States, the logic of human settlement was to hunt for surplus population in the West to occupy the land that had remained desolate. But at the dawn of the twentieth century, a new phase began for the United States (US).

This phase was evidenced by the West Coast and the population continued to grow because of the immigrant arrivals, with high concentration on Individuals who were asked to fill empty spaces and the cities were likely to replace the country. With the end of the First World War the world's cities took over the world fields. In 1910, the rural population still comprised 54.3% of the total population, and the proportion dropped to 48.8% in 1920.

Campaigns had become a minority. And especially, since the aftermath of the First World War, countries had to rehabilitate the people and their economy needed less massive agricultural products and therefore suffered from a chronic overproduction.

The twentieth century was difficult for rural areas. However the country is vast, and just like the cities of the east coast differ from Los Angeles or San Francisco, there was not one type of campaign. The main rural areas were both in the South and in the Great Plains of the Midwest, or in the middle of vegetable cultivation in California.

The countryside would not understand the consistency of a block, which was due to the fact that the campaign had defined it negatively. The campaign was not urban. Therefore, could it be grouped together in one category of rural areas which differ both in their lifestyle and in their culture or economy? One had to; therefore find the common elements in these campaigns without neglecting the nuances in order to consider the countryside as a whole and as an object of study. Thus, how do the campaigns that are composed of a majority of small landowners give way to rural areas? Are they significantly reduced and dedicated to agribusiness in the space of sixty years between the entry of U.S. in the First World War in 1917 and the accession of George Bush as the president in 1988?

During the inter-war rural areas retained their form throughout like what was rural America previously during the colonization of land. Different cultures enjoyed the differences in the soil and the climate. In the twentieth century these sets have been conceived in the name, Belts, which will allow distinguishing different types of campaigns. In the South geographic region and the culture were marked by differences in attitudes resulting from the civil war.

The Cotton Belts covered all the lands that extended from the East Coast to the foothills of the Rockies and that stopped in the State of Kansas. This space cultivated cotton, tobacco in Virginia and on the banks of Ohio, indigo, rice and peanuts. Further west, in the Midwest, the land stretched to the Great Plains including some of the Soybean-Corn Belt, which cultivated soybeans, corn and wheat.

Tags: Western United States, US twentieth century, California vegetable cultivation, first world war, agribusiness

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