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History of Korea - three Kingdoms

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  1. Introduction
  2. The beginning of Nationalists drift
    1. The progressive integration of Jews
    2. The legacy of traditional Judaism
    3. Persistent prejudices
  3. The rise of antisemitism in the 1880s
    1. The Jew, 'scapegoat of modernity '
    2. Strengthening the construction of identity in race
    3. Discomfort spread by the press and the literature
  4. The violent antisemitism led to a division of corporations
    1. Of termination to the exclusion
    2. The instrumentalization of anti-Semitism by political forces
    3. Zionism, a response to the barbaric antisemitism

The three kingdoms we will study here emerged around the same period. Their foundation overlapped in a period of 40 years. It is estimated that the first appeared in 57 BC in Silla, followed by Koguryo in 37 BC and finally Paekche in 18 BC. It is important to note the existence of another faction in the territory that was later known as the League of Kaya. These kingdoms would form, grow, compete and unite against their enemies for several centuries before arriving at a merger. They defied their powerful neighbors China and Japan and were even a source of influence for them.

Here we understand why Korean academics attach great importance to this period. Some see the Unified Silla as the first Korean state, composed of a nation with a territory. This period helps explain the events that occurred on the peninsula until the formation of Koryo, a state whose borders were almost similar to that of the current Korea (North and South). We will see the formation of these states, their workings and their cultures, the unification of the peninsula by the Silla Kingdom, and its disintegration leading to the formation of Koryo. Korea at that time was mainly populated by non-federated tribes. They lived mainly in the northern part of Korea, on the border with Manchuria. Among them were the Okchôs (in the Tuman River Basin), Yi Lu, a barbarian tribe who lived in the plundering of neighboring tribes (nicknamed the "Vikings Manchus") and Yemaek likely to be at the origin of ancient Korea Ko Choson, which made its appearance in the 4th century BC.

This state was strongly influenced by China as well as by the nomadic tribes. This is the first tribal state based in eastern China. Their alliance with the Xiong Nu, a nomadic tribe that ruled Manchuria, triggered the anger of the Chinese Qin and Han. Following clashes, Korea came under control of a Chinese refugee Wei Man, who founded the Korea Wiman. It was destroyed in 108 BC by the Han. It then divided the territory into which 3 4 commanderies which disappeared prematurely under pressure from Korean tribes.

It is difficult, when we think of this period of Korean history which is that of the three kingdoms, to know exactly where to start and where to stop as it draws its origin in various past events and influence the following periods. It is of great importance in this respect because it was the first concrete formations of states on the peninsula and led to the first unification (part) of it. I have personally chosen from a description of Korea before the appearance of the three kingdoms, and then examined the unification of Silla. It is not uncommon to see conflicting information in the same period depending on whether one refers to the archives of three kingdoms, or to documents of the Chinese dynasties or to chronicles of Japan: Nihon-Shoki.

Tags: Nihon-Shoki, Koryo, unification of Silla, Koguryo, Xiong Nu

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