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How useful is the concept of modernisation in understanding the origins and aims of Fascism and Nazism?

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  1. Introduction: understanding of Nazism and Fascism origins and aims
  2. Concept of modernization
  3. Examples: Italy and Germany
  4. Limits of this concept
  5. Conclusion

According to Detlev J.K. Peukert in the "Weimar Republic; The crisis of Classical Modernity", Fascism is the result of modernity crisis. Several authors have tried different approaches in order to understand and define what fascism is all about. In fact, there is no clear, objective definition; but most of the authors agree to define fascism as an ideal type. According to Max Weber, this concept is called generic fascism. It can be concluded that fascism is a constructed definition. It has set up a sort of ideology, essence and common characteristics of fascist regime, such as Nazism and Fascism in order to understand it. The concept of modernization appears to be the starting point in our understanding of the origins and aims of Fascism and Nazism. For example the first point of Griffin's definition of fascism is that: it is a political phenomenon against modernity and especially against liberal society.

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