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Hungarian history and culture

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  1. Introduction.
  2. The early way of life in the Carpathian basin.
  3. The mutual effects and the cultural influences.
  4. Conclusion.

The Carpathian basin is composed by the Carpathians, the Alps ands the Dinaric Alps. This geographical situation makes present-day Hungary as a singular country, a land with melting-pot cultures from different ages. Finally, the Magyars has sealed the curse when the prince Árpád has conquered the Carpathian basin in 896. During the following millennium, the Magyars has known many periods of occupation of different civilisations and culture. All those aspects lead us to have interests in two main aspects of Hungarian history and culture. On one hand, we will describe some aspects of the early way of life, the effects on the steppe migration and on the other hand, we will touch on the subject of the mutual effects in the Carpathian basin which have influenced the features of the Magyar's culture.

[...] There was also the development of cooperation between the Imperial Court of Vienna and the Hungarian noblemen. Under the impulse of Enlightenment, Joseph II organised the compulsory education and encouraged book publishing. Eventually, Kazinczy was in charge of Hungarian language reform. The eighteen-century Hungary was rebuilt with the construction of rococo palaces, Baroque cathedrals, libraries and schools, the ornaments inside the buildings. The XIXth century witness the building of a national literature and poetry (Sándor Petöfi, Jánös Arany) inspired from folk Hungarian traditions. [...]

[...] He invited many artists from Italy and transformed the architectures of the castles of Buda and Visegrád whose reputation went over the frontiers of the prosperous Hungarian kingdom. Matthias Corvinius was a refined man; he had passion for books and manuscripts. He built the famous Corvina Library which contains about 500 codices. Furthermore, he transformed the Royal court into a cultural center where the humanists, scholars, historians, poets could meet, write their masterpieces or share their ideas. The literary heritage is considerable regarding the texts of Janus Pannonius who developed the humanistic literature. [...]

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